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Tag search: "Brazil"

Promoting health through the life course

Brasil fecha mais de 10 mil leitos pediátricos em seis anos

A survey by the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics (SBP) said more than 10 thousand pediatric beds in hospitals and clinics have disappeared from the public health network over the last seven years. In November last year there were 38,200 beds. In 2010, Brazil had 48,300 places for children who needed to stay in hospital overnight for more than 24 hours. The reduction in the number of beds has a direct impact on care causing delays in diagnosis in a population that is steadily growing in numbers

March 28, 2017
Gaucha Blogs

Preparedness, surveillance and response

Brazil Yellow Fever Outbreak Persists Although Number of Cases Has Stabilized

In Brazil, which has been experiencing its biggest yellow fever outbreak since the 1940s, the Ministry of Health has reported 3,240 suspected cases of the virus since the current outbreak began in December 2016. Of those cases, health officials have confirmed 792, discarded 1,929, and are investigating another 519 cases. The country has seen 435 outbreak-associated deaths, 274 of which have been confirmed, 124 discarded, and 37 are under investigation

July 19, 2017
Contagion Live

First Chikungunya-infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes found in Brazil

While more than 13,000 cases of Chikungunya viral disease were reported in Brazil in 2015, scientists had never before detected the virus in a captured mosquito in this country. Now, researchers have identified a mosquito -- caught in the Brazilian city of Aracaju -- that`s naturally infected with the East-Central-South-African (ECSA) genotype of Chikungunya. Four strains of mosquitoes were captured, with Culex quinquefasciatus the most common, making up 78.2%, and Ae. aegypti making up 20.2% of the mosquitoes. One female Aedes aegypti mosquito was identified as carrying CHIKV and when the genome was sequenced, it was found to be the ECSA genotype

June 22, 2017
Science Daily

U.S. issues Zika advisory in India

Taking note of the World Health Organisation categorising India last month as a site of active transmission of the Zika virus, the United States sent out an advisory informing its citizens in India about the number of confirmed Zika infections in India. The WHO, it noted, placed India as a ‘Category-2’ country for Zika risk. A Category-2, the second highest on a four-point scale and that also includes 2015 Zika-hotspot Brazil, indicates that the virus is being actively transmitted within the country. Until April, India was a Category-4 country

June 16, 2017
The Hindu

Brasília de Minas registra mais de 500 casos suspeitos de dengue em 2017

Brasilia de Minas, in the north of Minas Gerais, has recorded 548 probable cases of dengue fever in the first five months of this year. In March alone there were 286 suspected cases of the disease and the local municipality has had to work hard to bring the numbers under control

June 13, 2017
Globo

Chega a quase 400 nº de casos confirmados de febre chikugunya em RR

The state of Roraima has 398 confirmed cases of chikungunya, however, it only had 23 cases a year ago. Around 99% of the cases are centred on the capital Boa Vista. In 2017 there have been 1,660 suspected cases of chikungunya fever reported during the first six months of the year, far higher than in 2016 when only 282 suspected cases were reported

June 13, 2017
Globo

Sesapi investiga comunidade com surto de dengue em Picos

There has been an outbreak in Picos, a municipality in the state of Piauí in north eastern Brazil. Around 70 people have fallen sick with fever and health authorities believe it is an outbreak of dengue and are investigating. Other municipalities reporting high levels of probable cases include Teresina (832), Floriano (66) and Oeiras (61) according to Sesapi’s medical bulletin

June 6, 2017
45graus.com.br
June 1, 2017
180graus.com

Este ano, casos de dengue aumentaram 71% em Cuiabá

Dengue cases in Cuiaba have increased by 71% year-on-year. According to health authorities, there were 1,157 cases during the first five months of last year while there have been 1,984 cases this year. There have been reports of 200 probable cases of chikungunya and Cuiaba authorities are on high alert for more

June 4, 2017
CenarioMT, ExtraMT
June 2, 2017
Mato Grosso Mais

Ceará tem nível epidêmico de dengue, zika e chikungunya em 60% dos municípios

The Brazilian state of Ceara has cities with more than 600 cases for every 100,000 inhabitants, way above the WHO epidemic threshold of 300 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. The latest epidemiological bulletin confirmed dengue and chikungunya as having killed 25 people this year, with 20 of them in Fortaleza. There have been 64,031 fever like infections reported in the state and 25,533 cases have seen the disease confirmed

June 3, 2017
globo.com
June 2, 2017
Diario do Nordeste, Diario do Nordeste

Sespa investiga primeiro caso suspeito de febre amarela silvestre em Aveiro

The Brazilian health authorities in the state of Para have confirmed the first case of yellow fever in the state as a 19 year old man has been transferred to the ICU of the Regional Hospital of Baixo Amazonas

May 29, 2017
Globo

Febre amarela silvestre já matou mais de oitenta pessoas no Espírito Santo

There have been 82 deaths confirmed from yellow fever in the state of Espírito Santo. There are still 20 cases under investigation and another 17 have been discarded. According to the latest bulletin released by the state government, through the Department of Health (Sesa), the Espírito Santo region has had 256 confirmed cases of the disease

May 29, 2017
Eshoje

Casos de chikungunya aumentam 88% em um mês em todo País

The number of chikungunya cases across Brazil increased by 88% in just a month from 43,010 to 80,949 suspected cases, according to the latest epidemiological report, despite this increase, numbers are still lower than last year when 179,026 cases were recorded. There have been 13 deaths so far, in the whole of 2016 there were 196 deaths from the disease. The highest concentration of cases is in the north east region of the country

May 27, 2017
Agora Litoral

More than half of the municipalities of Ceará have arbovirus epidemics: dengue, chikungunya and...

In the Brazilian state of Ceara, 93 of the 184 municipalities say they are recording an epidemic level of arboviruses – dengue, chikungunya and zika, according to the latest epidemiological bulletins. Calculations on the ground put the infection rate at around 943.5 incidences per 100,000 inhabitants, well above the WHO threshold to define an epidemic which is 300 incidences per 100,000

May 22, 2017
maisfm

Ibatiba in Espirito Santo recorded 21 cases of leishmaniasis in four months – health experts s...

The municipality of Ibatiba in the state of Espirito Santo has recorded 21 cases of leishmaniasis, according to health experts. The first case this year was on January 3rd; now, after the most recent case was declared on May 9th, the health authorities have called an emergency in this district over this disease

May 22, 2017
Globo

Minas Gerais tem mais de 15 mil casos prováveis de chikungunya em 2017

Minas Gerais state has registered 15,693 probable cases of chikungunya in 2017, according to a department of health bulletin. Eleven suspicious deaths are being investigated and so far this year, the number of probable cases has increased more than 3,000% over the same period last year. In terms of dengue, Minas Gerais has recorded 24,557 cases, the lowest number for the first five months since 2013. Two deaths confirmed and a further 18 investigated. Minas Gerais has 753 probable cases of zika, with the number slightly higher for the first five months last year than this

May 22, 2017
G1.Globo.com

The Looming Threat of Yellow Fever

The New York Times highlights the unusually large outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil with 259 deaths and more than 715 cases confirmed, and says there is serious concern if the virus starts spreading in a major city, as it is already close to doing so in the Rio de Janeiro region. With the threat of yellow fever returning to areas where it was once thought gone, the NYT flags its ultimate spread to places like Asia a potential disaster in the making 

May 15, 2017
New York Times

Chikungunya: epidemia vai se agravar até junho

Ceara - the chikungunya epidemic will severely worsen between now and June, according to experts. In the last health department bulletin there were 13,312 confirmed cases, including five deaths. But, as experts indicated, a large number of cases do not go to the doctor for diagnosis and it is difficult to diagnose the disease by prognosis alone 

May 13, 2017
Diario do Nordeste
May 12, 2017
Tribuna Ceara

Número de casos de febre chikungunya no Ceará dobra em uma semana

According to a Brazilian Ministry of Health report the state of Ceara has the highest incidence of Chikungunya disease in the country, with 4,735 probable cases up to March 13th. This is worrying authorities as in 2016 there were only 912 cases of chikungunya throughout the whole year

April 4, 2017
Globo.com, Diario do Nordeste

CHIKUNGUNYA, DENGUE E ZIKA: Roraima registra aumento alarmante de casos

In relation to chikungunya cases, Roraima went from 3 to 189 in the first 10 weeks of this year. For dengue, Roraima jumped from 51 cases to 251. Then for zika Roraima saw a jump from 51 cases to

March 31, 2017
Folha Web

Rio Preto ultrapassa os 100 casos positivos de dengue em 2017

In Brazil, the Rio Preto Health Department reported that two serious diseases are worrying health officials: dengue fever and leishmaniasis. This year alone authorities have seen 100 confirmed cases of dengue and a further 308 are under investigation. There have been five dogs diagnosed with leishmaniasis so far and no humans. Officials speculate that mosquitoes may be breeding in closed houses or those up for sale or lease

March 13, 2017
G1.Globo.com

Director upheaval threatens Brazilian dengue vaccine program, scientists say

Progress on a late-stage dengue vaccine candidate, developed by U.S. scientists, is threatened, as the licensee – the Butantan Institute in Brazil recently lost its top boss. Researchers have protested about the removal of Institute Director Jorge Kalil by the Sao Paulo state government, arguing his leadership was instrumental in moving the dengue programme forward 

March 7, 2017
Fierce Pharma
February 28, 2017
Science Mag

WHO expands vaccination advice as yellow fever covers southeast Brazil state

WHO is toughening up its vaccination advice for Brazil, as yellow fever is now a risk across the entire Brazilian state of Espirito Santo. There are growing concerns the virus could spread to urban centres like Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Belo Horizonte and Vitoria, where millions live and the virus could start spreading in a human-to-human cycle via the Aedes aegypti mosquito. After seeing its twentieth death from yellow fever, Espirito Santo has been sent 500,000 doses of vaccination. The state of Minas Gerais reported that 105 people have died from yellow fever so far. Belo Horizonte confirmed that it has seen several monkeys who have contracted the disease and died

March 7, 2017
Reuters, Reuters, G1.Globo.com, Agencia Brasil, Infobae, DCI.com, G1.Globo.com, G1.Globo.com

Communicable diseases

Brazil risks rodent-borne Hantavirus rise due to sugarcane, climate change: scientists

The risk of being infected by Hantavirus could jump in Brazil`s Sao Paulo state as climate change sends temperatures higher and farmers grow more sugarcane, said scientists. More effective health education and pest control could help cut the risk of the disease in the area, along with forest restoration and better land use. The virus, which can be inhaled or caught via contact with rodent droppings or urine, causes Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome which is fatal in more than half of cases

July 20, 2017
Reuters
July 21, 2017
International Business Times

Can Synbio Cure Malaria? – Fireside Chat with Oxitec’s CEO Hadyn Parry

Oxitec’s technology hinges on engineering male Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which transmit Zika and Dengue, with a ‘self-limiting’ gene causing their offspring to die. Using this approach, the biotech has been able to reduce mosquito populations of the Aedes aegypti species by over 90% by releasing Oxitec’s Friendly Aedes mosquito in field trials in Brazil, the Cayman Islands, and Panama. A massive shift, compared to the 35% reduction that can be achieved using conventional insecticides. Additionally, all of Oxitec’s mosquitoes are equipped with a fluorescent marker that allows to monitor the insects with an app

June 21, 2017
labiotech.eu

Brazil scientists develop biosensor for cheap dengue diagnosis

Brazilian scientists have developed a biosensor that can quickly detect dengue and could help create a cheap tool to diagnose the painful mosquito-borne virus that infects millions each year and they are looking to produce a testing kit that would cost clinics and hospitals around $30 and take about 15 minutes to analyse blood samples for a key dengue protein, said Cleverton Luiz Pirich, a researcher at the Federal University of Paraná

June 9, 2017
Reuters

Liberação de mosquitos transgênicos contra dengue e zika avança no país

After the success in Piracicaba (São Paulo) with its transgenic Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, Oxitec is likely to release them to fly higher and further, perhaps even in other Brazilian states. Some of the potential cities that could receive the modified mosquito include Juiz de Fora (Minas Gerais) and Búzios (Río Janeiro)

June 9, 2017
Folha

UN: Latin America's Poor Need More Help to Tackle Zika

The ripple effects of the Zika virus are hitting the poor hard in Latin America and the Caribbean and could k nock back development unless states involve communities in a stronger push to tackle the disease, a UN-led study said. The virus will cost the region between $7bn and $18bn from 2015-17, said the report, large economies like Brazil will shoulder the biggest share of the cost, put poorer countries like Belize and Haiti will suffer the severest impacts 

April 6, 2017
Voice of America, Reuters, Huffington Post