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Tag search: "CDC"

Promoting health through the life course

Women murder victims: guns used in majority of homicides

Guns are used in more than half of murders of women, and the highest frequency is among non-Hispanic black victims, according to a new analysis by the CDC. Domestic violence is a big factor: Firearms were used in nearly 54 percent of female homicides, and in 55 percent of those cases the perpetrator is someone with whom the victim has been intimately involved. Past studies have demonstrated that a woman’s risk of homicide increases greatly if her male abuser owns a gun

July 21, 2017
Newsweek, NPR
July 20, 2017
Washington Post

Preparedness, surveillance and response

Ohio reports 11 human H3N2v influenza cases last week

According to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention FluView, eleven human infections with novel influenza A viruses were detected in Ohio during the week of July 16. All 11 persons were infected with influenza A (H3N2) variant (H3N2v) viruses and reported exposure to swine in a fair setting during the week preceding illness onset. Ten of the 11 patients were children less than 18 years of age and one patient was an adult aged 50-64 years. None were hospitalized and all have fully recovered from their illness

July 28, 2017
Outbreak News Today

Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention and partners plan new approach to detect and r...

The Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) in collaboration with WHO met with partners in May to plan a new approach to detect and respond to disease outbreaks in Africa. The new approach, called ‘event-based surveillance,’ involves using open source information, such as social media posts, to detect events that might pose a risk to public health. Africa CDC will partner with the World Health Organisation and others to strengthen event-based surveillance in the 18 countries that have already begun using this approach and will work to introduce it in the remaining 37 African countries

June 20, 2017

Zika affects 5 percent of babies with confirmed infections: CDC

The first report on how the Zika virus affected US territories showed that 5 percent of women with confirmed infections had babies with birth defects, US health officials said. The report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is the first to include official numbers from the territory of Puerto Rico, which on Monday declared that its Zika epidemic had ended, based on data showing the number of new cases has fallen. The CDC reiterated its recommendation that pregnant women not travel to Puerto Rico, noting that Zika remains a risk for pregnant women there and anywhere else the mosquito-borne virus is active

June 8, 2017
June 9, 2017
Huffington Post

In the U.S. GAO has published a report calling for actions needed to address the challenges of Z...

The story lists the fact there were 5,197 cases of zika virus disease reported in the USA at start of April this year and only two states had disease cases based on local mosquito-borne transmission – 216 in Florida and 6 cases in Texas, all the other instances were associated with travel from outside the continental United States. The article calls for a transparent process for providing test manufacturers access to diagnostic tests and FDA and CDC providing information to ensure users of these tests can compare performance

May 23, 2017
U.S. Government Accountability Office, Reuters
May 24, 2017
Channel News Asia, AlAlarabiya

Meningitis outbreak in Nigeria has killed 813 people: minister

A meningitis outbreak in Nigeria has killed 813 people so far this year, the country’s health minister said. The government approved a house-to-house search in northern Nigeria to identify those afflicted with meningitis for vaccination and treatment, the minister told reporters

April 26, 2017

Nigeria to launch meningitis jab campaign as death toll jumps to 336

Nigeria is launching a mass vaccination campaign as part of its emergency response to an outbreak of meningitis in its north-western states as the death toll climbed to 336, with the number of suspected cases hitting 2,997, which represents 1,000 more than at the beginning of last week

April 4, 2017
April 5, 2017
The Citizen

Non communicable diseases

Trump Wants to Slash Funding for Birth Defect Research as States Brace for Zika Season

The Trump administration wants to slash the Centers for Disease Control budget by 17%, including cutting programmes such as the National Center on Birth Defects and Development Disabilities, an initiative which is essential for zika research. With the funds initially earmarked to deal with the zika crisis now nearly all spent, such cuts would stymie the ability of state and local authorities to prepare for inevitable new infections or provide services to those affected by them

May 24, 2017

Arthritis' toll rises as too few take steps to reduce pain: CDC

A new study found that around 54m U.S. adults, or one in four, have arthritis, with few engaging in the types of physical activities that can help to reduce pain and improve mobility

March 7, 2017
March 8, 2017
March 7, 2017
AHA News

Health systems

Just 150 more cases of measles could cost the US $2.1 million

Researchers analyzed data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and estimated what could happen if vaccination rates keep dropping. Right now, 93 percent of kids ages two to 11 in the US are vaccinated against measles, mumps, and rubella. If that number dropped by 5 percent, it would lead to 150 more cases of measles. This might not sound like a lot, but it is actually a three-fold increase compared to the number of cases that exist now, and it could cost over $2 million from local and state public health institutions

July 24, 2017
The Verge

'Super-prescribers' on notice: Aetna, CDC team up to tackle antibiotic overuse

While Aetna and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention play two very different roles in the healthcare world, they have recently begun working toward one common goal: reducing the frequency of unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions. The CDC and Aetna decided to focus on one specific quality measure from the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set - antibiotic avoidance in adults with acute bronchitis - because of the “sheer number” of antibiotics prescribed for respiratory conditions. Indeed, 44% of antibiotics prescribed in an outpatient setting are for acute respiratory conditions that include bronchitis, and 50% of them are unnecessary, according to a report from The Pew Charitable Trusts

July 10, 2017
Fierce Healthcare

United States construct referral public health laboratory in Ethiopia

Agencies of the USA government have inaugurated the regional referral of a public health laboratory in Ethiopia. It is the fourth state-of-the-art laboratory constructed by the CDC with funding from the PEPFAR programme. The lab was constructed at a cost of U.S.$3.5m and will serve a population of approximately 5m people in the Tigray region and parts of northern Ethiopia

May 29, 2017
New Business Ethiopia

Almost 700 Positions Remain Unfilled at the CDC Due to Hiring Freeze

Almost 700 jobs at the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta are vacant due to the recent federal government funding freeze. The same issue is causing a variety of problems at the HHS and the NIH. The hiring freeze was technically lifted last month, but because the agencies have been asked to reduce their workforces, the practical effect has been a continued freeze

May 22, 2017

GOP health plan bill puts $1B CDC funding for disease prevention at risk

Among the potential casualties of the GOP’s bill to repeal the Affordable Care Act is the $1bn for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to fund essential public health programmes, including the prevention of disease outbreaks  

March 10, 2017
Fierce Heathcare

Communicable diseases

Vaccination may be curbing ER visits for shingles

Emergency room visits for shingles fell in the past decade for people aged 60 and older but rose for most younger age groups. The decrease among older people may be due to more of them getting the shingles vaccine, U.S. researchers suggest. Anyone who has had chicken pox or the chicken pox vaccine can develop shingles, but the risk increases sharply after age 50 and vaccination against the shingles-causing virus is recommended by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention starting at age 60

June 27, 2017

Transparent communication holds key to infectious disease control

There were a number of reasons for the heavier-than-expected number of cases from MERS in South Korea two years ago, but none were more important than transparent communication, or the lack thereof, participants at a workshop agreed. Park Ki-soo, the spokesperson for Korea Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC), said, “If we had released the right information at the right time to the right people, I predict that we would have had less than 100 infected patients”

June 14, 2017
Korea Biomed

America’s Hidden H.I.V. Epidemic

The New York Times asks why America’s black gay and bisexual men have a higher HIV rate than any other country in the world, according to the CDC, who last year published a survey which predicted that if current rates continue, one in two African-American gay and bisexual men will become infected with the virus. That compares to a lifetime risk of one in 99 for all Americans and one in 11 for white gay and bisexual men. For perspective, Swaziland has the highest HIV infection rate at 28.8%, if gay and bisexual African-American men made up a country its rate would surpass that of this impoverished nation and all other nations

June 6, 2017
New York Times

U.S. blacks living longer, but health gaps persist: CDC study

African-Americans are generally living longer than they did in 2000, but health disparities mean they are still more likely to die at a younger age than white counterparts, a federal study showed on Tuesday. This CDC study of data from 1999 to 2015, shows that younger black people in their 20s, 30s and 40s are living with, or dying from, diseases that are typically seen in older people

May 2, 2017
May 3, 2017
Huffington Post
May 2, 2017

Vaccination gaps lead to dangerous measles outbreaks in Europe: ECDC

Gaps in vaccination coverage against measles have led to several outbreaks of the contagious disease in Europe, during the past year, with more than 1,500 measles cases reported from 14 European countries due to an ‘accumulation of unvaccinated individuals’ according to officials from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). In 10 countries, Austria, Belgium, Croatia, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Romania, Spain and Sweden – the number of cases reported in Jan-Feb 2017 was more than double that of a year earlier 

April 24, 2017
Reuters, Reuters

Zika causes birth defects in one in 10 pregnancies: U.S. study

A new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analysed a group of U.S. women with clear, confirmed test results of Zika infection during pregnancy. About one in 10 women had a fetus/baby with birth defects researchers found. Babies affected by Zika can develop congenital Zika syndrome which includes brain abnormalities, vision problems, hearing loss and problems moving limbs

April 4, 2017
Reuters, Miami Herald
April 5, 2017
Tech Times, Live Science
April 4, 2017

What they knew and when they knew it

Slate draws on new emails which show that American officials quickly realised that the UN had brought cholera to Haiti. The emails show that the U.S. government at the highest levels was almost immediately aware that UN forces likely played a role in the outbreak. Multiple federal agencies shielded the UN from accountability to protect the organization. The UN continued to deny any involvement in the outbreak until it admitted it ‘played a role’ in 2016. By then, 800,000 people in Haiti had been sickened and more than 9,500 killed, with some experts saying the real toll could be two or three times higher

March 30, 2017
Slate, Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti

Era of self medication for fever is gone

Era of self medication for fever is gone given all the state is now currently facing

March 28, 2017
Vanguard Nigeria, Economic Times