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Tag search: "Mortality"

Promoting health through the life course

In the U.S., infant mortality gap costs the lives of about 4,000 black babies each year

If black infants born in the United States had all of the health and medical benefits enjoyed by white infants, nearly 4,000 fewer of them would die each year, new research suggests. That would amount to a nearly 60% decrease in the number of black infants that die each year. Instead, black babies are nearly 2.5 times more likely than white babies to die during their first year of life

July 3, 2017
Los Angeles Times

Haryana looks at zero diarrhoea childhood deaths

According to National Family Health Survey-IV, at least 10 per cent of children below the age of five years in Haryana die of diarrhoea. The health officials noticed that the problem was more prevalent among underserved population, without access to clean drinking water and those who lived in unhygienic condition were found to be more vulnerable. For children under the age of five years, around 7.7 per cent of the children across state suffered from diarrhoea

July 3, 2017
Times of India

Major diseases, conditions that kill children before their fifth birthday

Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region with the highest mortality rate of children under five years, with one child in 12 dying before their fifth birthday — far higher than the average ratio of one in 147 in high-income countries. In Part Two of the maternal health series, The Star Kenya seeks to find out the causes of infant mortality and what needs to be done — and has already been done — to reduce these numbers

June 28, 2017
Star Kenya

Caring like a kangaroo: India can cut neonatal death toll, world’s highest

Although the rate of neonatal mortality in India has declined from 52 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 28 in 2013, the rate of decline has been slower than that of infant and under-five mortality. One of the best low-cost interventions that can save lives with babies younger than four weeks who die every year is regular skin contact, like kangaroo mothers – an expert said

June 20, 2017
Hindustan Times

One in five twins dies under age 5 in sub-Saharan Africa - Lancet

One in five twins born in sub-Saharan Africa die before turning age 5, even as infant mortality has dropped for lone babies in the region, scientists say in a new study, this new research report indicated that mortality rate was 213 per 1,000 pregnancies, compared to 11 per 1,000 in Finland as an example. The gravity of these findings calls for policy action, the researchers said

June 1, 2017

Abused infants may slip through the cracks in hospital systems

Researchers behind a study say infants who are victims of severe physical abuse are mostly under one year old and arrive ‘by stealth’ at hospitals, often hours after injury. This means from the start, these abused infants are less likely to get the attention they need. A delay in diagnosis, a delay in key urgent treatments, which combined means they fare less well than those accidentally injured

May 23, 2017

In 41 years, as economy grew 2,100%, infant mortality dropped just 68%

The Economic Times points out that over the last 41 years an Indian national health programme to reduce infant mortality across the country has brought about a 68% drop in numbers to 2016, against a backdrop of an economy growing 2,100% during the same period. Even so, India’s Infant Mortality Rate of 41 deaths per 1,000 live births is still higher than poorer neighbours like Bangladesh (31) and Nepal (29)

May 3, 2017
Economic Times, Hindustan Times

‘Low immunisation behind high infant mortality rate’

Pakistan has the highest infant mortality rate in South Asia because of the low rate of immunization and vaccination coverage. With about 56% of the country covered, almost half the children in the country are simply not immunized, according to an expert from the Pakistan Paediatric Association

April 30, 2017
Dawn, News International, Nation, Business Recorder
April 29, 2017
Pakistan Today

Progress uneven as global child death rates fall

Deaths among children and adolescents became less common between 1990 and 2015, but not all countries benefited equally from the improvements, according to a new analysis. Countries with low social and economic status shoulder a much larger child and adolescent mortality burden compared to countries with better income, education and fertility levels, researchers found, and the difference between the ‘best’ and the ‘worst’ is growing

April 3, 2017
Reuters, NPR

Maternal mortality on the rise in Gujarat

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India stated that maternal mortality rates are on the rise in Gujarat and have been for the last three years. CAG found Gujarat’s healthcare system patchy at best fraught with many deficiencies and gaps. For instance, only 33% of women for post-natal care were provided with free transportation. CAG also found shortcomings in the storage of drugs, availability of blood, supply of free diet and diagnostic facilities

April 1, 2017
Indian Express
March 29, 2017
Yahoo News

Rural women lead fight against infant mortality in DR Congo

UNICEF and the Congolese government are providing all pregnant women and mothers with children under five with free health kits containing mosquito nets and basic medication to treat children for diarrhoea, fever and malnutrition. UNICEF is also teaching mothers how and when to use the kits and offering them vouchers to get treatment at the nearest health clinic for a nominal fee. The relative stability in Mbaza-Ngungu region of the DRC is one reason for the project’s relative success in what is otherwise a troubled healthcare system

March 23, 2017

Nigeria loses 2,300 under five, 145 women of childbearing age daily

Because Nigeria loses about 2,300 under five year olds and 145 women of childbearing age daily, UNICEF has renewed its commitment to support the Nigerian health sector towards improving maternal and child health. To this end, it plans to strengthen immunization and revitalisation of the primary healthcare system in the country

March 22, 2017
Business Daily

For Ugandan children, hunger and HIV make a deadly mix

Reuters reports that Ugandan children suffering from famine due to the drought that has hit the country’s farmers and devastated their crops, helps create a deadly mix. Children on anti-retroviral treatment to slow the development of HIV are suffering as the drugs won’t really take full effect without a nutritious diet to assist the body in processing them

March 22, 2017
Reuters, CNBC Africa

Preparedness, surveillance and response

Unicef: in Venezuela è catastrofe umanitaria, intervenire subito

UNICEF regional offices in Latin America have issued a statement calling Venezuela a humanitarian catastrophe with hunger and disease increasing the number of deaths of children across their first year of life. The data on infant and maternal mortality released by the Venezuelan Ministry of Health provides clear proof of the prolonged impact of this crisis on women and children in the country 

May 15, 2017

Non communicable diseases

What is Mental Healthcare Bill?

The Indian parliament passed a Mental Healthcare Bill which decriminalizes suicide attempts by mentally ill people and provides services for people with mental illnesses

March 28, 2017
Indian Express, India.com
March 27, 2017
Hindustan Times

Physicians rank high in suicide cases, experts lament

Physicians in Nigeria have been known to rank high in suicide cases. Most doctors are stressed and depressed because of workload and poor remuneration, family expectation and friends. Many are going through a lot but they hardly have time to attend to their own health and often simply continue to just about manage until they reach breaking point

March 25, 2017
Vanguard Nigeria

‘Deaths of Despair’ Are Surging Among the White Working Class

Researchers who sounded the alarm on increasing white working class mortality blamed the trend on economic upheaval that has created a web of social issues so tightly interwoven than even successful policies would take years to unsnarl them. Mortality and morbidity rates began climbing in the late 1990s for less educated whites between 45 and 54. That came as progress against heart disease and cancer slowed and drug overdoses, suicide and alcoholism – so-called deaths of despair – became pervasive

March 23, 2017
Bloomberg, Vox

Steady Fall in Suicides Offers Glimmer of Hope in Japan

Fewer Japanese people are taking their own lives, a positive sign in a country with one of the world’s highest suicide rates. The number of cases in 2016, 21,897, is the lowest number since 1994

March 23, 2017

Health systems

US aid to combat malaria in Africa is associated with reduced risk of childhood mortality

A study published in PLOS Medicine showed that funding from the US President`s Malaria Initiative (PMI) in 19 sub-Saharan African countries was associated with a 16% reduction in the annual risk of under-five child mortality in the years following introduction of the PMI programme

June 13, 2017
Science Daily

More Children and Women Dying in Venezuela as Economy Collapses

Venezuela’s collapsing economy is taking a toll on its population’s health, with more children and women dying and various diseases skyrocketing amid persistent shortages of everything from medicine to drinking water. The country recorded 756 cases of maternal deaths in 2016, up 66% from the previous year according to data from the ministry of health. Infant deaths rose 30% to 11,466 cases in 2016 from 8,812 deaths the previous year 

May 11, 2017

Infant mortality and malaria soar in Venezuela, according to government data

Venezuela’s infant mortality rose 30% last year, maternal mortality shot up 65% and cases of malaria jumped 76%, according to government data, sharp increases reflecting how the country’s deep economic crisis has harmed citizens’ health. The statistics, issued on the ministry’s website after nearly two years of data silence from President Nicolas Maduro’s government, also showed a jump in illnesses such as diphtheria and Zika

May 9, 2017
Reuters, Nasdaq, Guardian, CaracolTV, Miami Diario, El Nacional, El Carabobeno, Globe & Mail, NTN24, Ambito, Swiss Info

Half of children born in Ho are not immunised – Dr. Djokoto

Dr Djokoto, Municipal Director of the Ghana Health Services, said although diseases such as polio and measles have been eradicated, the Ho Municipal authorities were sitting on a health time bomb and risked seeing outbreaks once again due to negligence. He said vaccinations were vital in warding off diseases and charged local health authorities to take the immunisation programme seriously and improve public sensitization of health risks

May 2, 2017
News Ghana

Communicable diseases

10 die of TB every day in Delhi, finds NGO

At least 10 people die every day in Delhi of tuberculosis, a curable disease, exposing a huge healthcare deficit in the national capital. Nearly 47% of the deaths are of people in the productive age group of 15 to 44 years. This data, an average of TB deaths in 2014 and 2015, was accessed by NGO Praja Foundation through RTI applications in all municipal and state government-run hospitals. "The actual number of deaths due to TB in Delhi could be much higher. Our data is based on deaths reported by hospitals which constitute only about 60% of all deaths,” the NGO said

July 27, 2017
Times Of India, India Times, Business Standard

Diarrhoea kills half a million children globally, shows Lancet study

Half a million children under the age of five died from diarrhoea-related illnesses in 2015, despite a significant reduction in the number of child deaths from such diseases over the past decade, the Lancet Infectious Diseases study say deaths fell by 34% between 2005 and 2015 after concerted efforts to improve water and sanitation. However, 499,000 under-fives and 1.3m people of all ages died as a result of diarrhoea in 2015, making it the fourth leading cause of mortality among young children with 8.6% of all under-fives’ deaths

June 2, 2017
The Guardian, BBC

India continues to record high child mortality rate due to diarrhoea

India continued to have more than 100,000 under-five diarrhoea deaths reported on account of it in 2015, a new Lancet study has found, with the highest rates of mortality for the under-fives were in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, with India and Nigeria combined registering 42% of the 499,000 global under five deaths due to diarrhoea in 2015

June 2, 2017
Financial Express, India.com

Positive signs as Asia-Pacific moves towards SDGs

Dr Shamshad Akhtar, under-secretary general of the UN and executive secretary of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia Pacific, praised the efforts made by Asia Pacific nations to push ahead with the implementation of the 17 SDGs. She highlighted the domestication of the action plan by these countries, many of whom have developed a national sustainable development strategy, as a particular success. She picked out progress on gender equality in primary education and maternal mortality rates which are down, except for isolated pockets

April 3, 2017
The Phnom Penh Post
April 2, 2017
Malay Mail
April 3, 2017
Eurasia Review
March 31, 2017
The Irrawady

How successful were the millennium development goals?

A new study tries to measure the success of the Millennium Development Goals. The research indicates that at least 21 million lives were saved due to accelerated progress. Two-thirds of the lives saved were in sub-Saharan Africa, around a fifth were in China and India and the remainder were spread across the developing world. Between 8.8 to 17.3m of the lives saved were due to faster progress on child mortality; 8.7m due to expanded treatment for HIV Aids, 3.1m due to declines in TB deaths and approximately half a million due to improvements in maternal mortality

March 30, 2017
The Guardian
January 11, 2017
Brookings Institute

Polluted environments kill 1.7 million children each year: WHO reports

Unhealthy environments are responsible for one-quarter of child deaths, according to two new reports from WHO. ‘A polluted environment is a deadly one, particularly for young children as their developing organs and immune systems, smaller bodies and airways, make them especially vulnerable to dirty air and water’

March 7, 2017
xinhuanet, Daily Star