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Tag search: "Obesity"

Promoting health through the life course

Virtual pictures of overweight children as adults trialled to shock parents into action

Health experts in a part of the UK have adapted 3D modelling techniques to encourage families of overweight youngsters to make major lifestyle changes. Parents have been shown virtual images of their children as overweight adults to shock them into action in a new strategy aimed at reducing health risks associated with obesity. Parents saw digitally manipulated pictures of their children in adulthood and in many cases were shocked into making major lifestyle changes in a trial run by experts at the University of Newcastle involving 2,200 families

May 20, 2017
The Independent, telegraph

Non communicable diseases

Insulin resistance linked to lower bone density

Decreasing sensitivity to insulin - often associated with obesity and eventual type 2 diabetes - may also cause young adults to have lower bone mass at a time of life when it should be at its peak, Korean researchers say. With insulin resistance, the body is less effective at using the hormone to get blood sugar into cells for energy, which leads to rising insulin levels. About 40 percent of bone mass is developed by the late teens, 90 percent by age 18 and peak lifetime bone mass is reached by the late 20s, the study team notes

July 25, 2017

Novo Nordisk says obesity drug helps up to 13.8 percent weight loss in phase 2 trial

Danish drugmaker Novo Nordisk said a phase 2 trial for its big hope in tackling obesity, an improved GLP-1 drug called semaglutide, showed a weight loss of up to 13.8 percent in people with severe conditions. The clinical trial, which lasted a year and included 957 people, resulted in a weight loss up to 17.8 kg after 52 weeks of treatment with semaglutide from a mean baseline weight of around 111 kg and a body mass index of around 39, Novo said. That corresponded to an estimated weight loss of 13.8 percent compared to the 2.3 percent achieved by diet, exercise and placebo alone

June 23, 2017

Tonga’s obesity epidemic is causing big trouble in paradise

According to a recent academic paper published by the UK medical magazine Lancet, Tonga is now the “most obese country in the world”. Today over 90 per cent of adults in this island nation of 107,000 people are either obese or overweight using the internationally-accepted BMI rating. In Tonga, average life expectancy has dropped from 72 ½ years in 2012 to 67 years today. And this former British Protectorate is now facing an epidemic of non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases and respiratory illnesses

June 21, 2017
Equal Times

Screen kids and teens for obesity, U.S. experts say

Children and teens should be screened for obesity at doctors` offices starting at age 6 and advised to attend intensive weight management programs if needed, according to a U.S.-government backed panel. The recommendation, from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), reinforces the panel`s previous guidelines, according to its chairperson. "Overall, (the) prevalence of obesity has levelled off, but we do see increasing rates in some populations," said Dr. David Grossman, of the Kaiser Permanente Washington Research Institute in Seattle

June 21, 2017

Cash incentives to lose weight: Could this help solve Asia’s obesity epidemic?

Academics in Singapore say giving obese people cash incentives to lose weight could help stem the rise in non-communicable diseases. In a study researchers used insights from behavioural economics to develop rewards programmes aimed at addressing the disconnect between long-term health and short-term temptation. “Our findings not only show the value of rewards in increasing weight loss but they also show this can be done in a manner which minimizes third party payments, such as those by employers or insurers. This should help to expand access to these type of programmes” the researchers concluded

June 19, 2017
Food Navigator Asia

High obesity rates stealing the youth of SA kids

Rising obesity rates in South African youth are crippling their ability to live healthy lives and fully enjoy their youth as more and more develop life-threatening chronic diseases like Type II diabetes. This is according to the Healthy Living Alliance (HEALA), an alliance of organisations with a mission to promote healthy living. According to PRICELESS SA, a 20 percent sugary drinks tax is needed to facilitate much-needed daily dietary adjustments to reduce sugar consumption as it has been modelled to result in 220,000 fewer obese South Africans. Proof that this policy lever can be effective has also been established in a study conducted among households of lower socio-economic status in Mexico which showed a decline in sugary drinks consumption two years after a tax was implemented

June 17, 2017

India’s ballooning obesity and undernutrition issue: The health risks and remedies

More people are overweight in India than the combined populations of France, Spain and the United Kingdom, a study in the New England Journal of Medicine said. The number of overweight people almost doubled from 10.5% of the country’s population in 2006 to 19.6% in 2016, latest data shows. Anaemia has not shown a corresponding decline, affecting 53% women in 2016, down from 55.3% a decade ago. In comparison, 22.7% men were anaemic in 2016, as against 24.2% in 2006. This shows India is struggling with the twin burdens of chronic malnutrition and obesity

June 16, 2017
Hindustan Times

In 35 years, obesity doubled among children and tripled in adults: Study

Obesity in India more than doubled in children and tripled in adults between 1980 and 2015, shows an analysis of data from 195 countries from the Global Burden of Disease Study. According to the study, India’s 180 million adults, including 14.4 million children between the ages of two and 19 years, are obese. “The rate at which obesity is growing in children is quite alarming as it means we will be faced with a large number of obese adults, prone to non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and even certain types of cancer,” said Dr VK Bahl, head of cardiology department at AIIMS

June 13, 2017
Hindustan Times

More than 2 billion people are overweight or obese, global study reveals

Globally, more than 2 billion children and adults suffer from health problems related to being overweight or obese, and an increasing percentage of people die from these health conditions, according to a new study. The study, which spans 195 countries and territories from 1980 through 2015, was released at the annual EAT Stockholm Food Forum, which aims to create a healthier, more sustainable food system. It is based on data from the most recent Global Burden of Disease study (GBD), a systematic, scientific effort to quantify the magnitude of health loss from all major diseases, injuries, and risk factors by age, sex, and population

June 12, 2017
Deutsche Welle, New York Times

Health Canada considers sweeping ban on junk food ads aimed at children and teens

Health Canada is considering a widespread ban on the marketing of unhealthy food to kids under the age of 17. It could cover everything from TV, online and print advertising to product labelling, in-store displays and even end some sponsorships for sports teams. The federal government announced the first step by launching public consultations on how foods are marketed to kids in Canada. "A predilection to choosing foods high in sugar, salt, and fat as teenagers, can result in poor food choices for the rest of their lives," said Senator Greene Raine. "It`s recognized as one of the precursors to becoming overweight and obese, leading to all kinds of other chronic diseases"

June 10, 2017

Seattle to become latest U.S. city to tax sugary drinks

Seattle`s City Council voted to levy a special tax on sodas and other sugary beverages sold to consumers, becoming the latest of several local government bodies across the country to take such action for the sake of public health. The measure, to be signed by Mayor Ed Murray, was approved on a 7-1 vote despite staunch opposition from the American Beverage Association, which said the tax would hit poor and working-class families and small businesses hardest. Enactment will add Washington state`s largest city to a growing national movement seeking to curb consumption of soft drinks and other high-caloric beverages that medical experts say are largely to blame for an epidemic of childhood obesity

June 7, 2017

Sri Lanka's cabinet on Wednesday approved to increase physical activities among school children ...

Sri Lanka`s cabinet on Wednesday approved to increase physical activities among school children and to provide opportunities to consume more healthy meals to prevent obesity, co-Cabinet Spokesperson, Gayantha Karunathilleke told journalists here in a weekly media briefing that around 59 percent of deaths in Sri Lanka were caused by non-communicable diseases such as heart diseases, diabetes, high blood pressure and cancers and majority of deceased were under the age of 60. As less physical activities are a main cause for these diseases, the proposal made by Health Minister Rajitha Senaratne to implement a program under the recommendations of the Ministry of Education for increasing physical activities among school children and to provide opportunities for school children to consume more healthy meals, was approved by the Cabinet of Ministers, Karunathilleke said

June 7, 2017
Xinhua, Colombo Gazette

Child obesity linked to poor heart health

Being overweight or obese, from as young as 3, has been linked to an increased risk of heart disease later in early midlife. New findings, from a study into the health of 1037 people born in Dunedin in 1972-1973, has found that childhood obesity can have lifelong implications. Lead author of the research paper, published in the International Journal of Obesity, professor Michael Williams said those who were overweight, obese or severely obese in early childhood were more at risk. He said while adult obesity was a known risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease - the number one cause of death worldwide - these findings showed the link could be traced back to early childhood

June 7, 2017
New Zealand Herald, Medical Express

Obesity costs Asia-Pacific $166 billion annually

A study by the Asian Development Bank Institute suggests that obesity costs about 12% of total healthcare spending in the region per year. So the study concludes that obesity is a serious threat to the prosperity of the region and demands more policymaker attention or the problems will only get worse

June 3, 2017
The Nation

Small Steps Can Save Millions of Lives

Michael Bloomberg makes the case for far more investment in healthcare and time in policy making to be directed at non-communicable diseases which make up 67% of all deaths, yet only received 1% of healthcare spending. One reason for the lack of attention is people blame a victims’ personal negligence or genetics, but that does not mean the outcome is inevitable. Bloomberg suggests ‘measure scale of the problem,’ ‘obesity prevention,’ ‘ tobacco control’ and ‘road safety’ as being areas which his new Partnership for Healthy Cities hopes to start to tackle

May 31, 2017

Healthy arteries rare but not impossible for elderly

Some people who avoid risk factors for heart disease like obesity and diabetes may be able to maintain the blood vessels of a healthy 29 year old well into old age, a US study suggests, researchers examined 3,196 adults aged 50 or older to see how their odds of vascular aging was influenced by the seven risk factors for heart disease. Those who avoided at least six of these problems were 10 times more likely to have properly functioning blood vessels than their peers who managed no more than one of these risk factors

May 30, 2017

Young People Could Still Get Cardiovascular Disease From Obesity

A new study shows that a bad case of cardiovascular health disease caused by obesity is more likely to happen to people as young as 17 years old. Prior to this study, there had been a limited investigation of the effects of having a high body mass index (BMI) in young people. According to this study published in Alpha Galileo, the European Society of Human Genetics investigated a potential link between increased BMI and cardiovascular health. In the annual conference at which this paper was presented, the researchers hypothesized that cardiovascular risks due to obesity were likely to register at an earlier stage of life

May 29, 2017
Science Times, News Nation, Deccan Chronicle

Obesity, diabetes associated with increased risk for severe malaria infection

Researchers conducted a nationwide observational study of imported malarial infection in Sweden over a 20 year period from 1995-2015 to assess whether NCDs were associated with severe malarial infection. The analysis included 937 adults with malaria. They concluded that comorbidity, particularly diabetes, and obesity were significant risk factors for severe infection among non-immune travellers and immigrants from endemic countries in Sweden with malaria

May 27, 2017

Novo Nordisk looks to expand Latin American obesity business

Novo Nordisk wants to expand its obesity business in Latin America on the back of its successful anti-obesity injection product called Saxenda. The company has aready begun launching Saxenda in Latin America ahead of other markets and it will now increase its capacity and expand in those markets. One country identified as a key market by Novo Nordisk is Mexico

May 22, 2017

Obesity on rise as quarter of European teens eat sweets daily

A quarter of adolescents eat sweets or chocolate every day and 14% have a cola or other sugary drink daily, according to a WHO report showing obesity rising among teenagers. Too many young people are in a harmful cycle and most will not outgrow obesity. About four in every five adolescents who become obese will continue to have weight problems as adults. They then develop chronic health conditions such as type 2 diabetes and face psychological issues such as low self-esteem, depression and social isolation

May 17, 2017
The Guardian, Irish Independent, Food Navigator

Obesity, overweight rising among Nigerian children — STUDY

A new report entitled “The 2016 Nigerian Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth” has revealed a prevalence of overweight and obesity among Nigerian children. According to the report, schools are not complying with stipulated physical activity requirements and there was no change from the 2013 obesity figures

May 2, 2017
Nigeria Today

Obesity "frightening" in Latin America, driving disease and draining economies- U.N.

More than two thirds of people living in Chile, Ecuador and Mexico are overweight or obese, costing their economies tens of billions of dollars every year, driving rates of disease and straining health services, a UN report said on Tuesday. The implications for the future of the countries is frightening, undernutrition is declining, but over-nutrition is expected to become the largest social and economic burden in the region, said the UN World Food Programme

April 25, 2017

Obesity, being overweight rising among Nigerian children — STUDY

A new report called ‘2016 Nigerian Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth’ which focuses on physical activity as a major determinant of NCDs, has revealed a rising prevalence among Nigerian children of obesity and being overweight. Modelled after a similar Canadian report, the study highlighted that 12% of Nigerian children were obese and that schools were not complying with stipulated standards for physical activity for children

April 24, 2017
Vanguard Nigeria

Delhi's Love For Booze Has Brought The City To The Brink Of A Heart Disease Epidemic

A unique set of data generated by Indian researchers has confirmed a trend doctors have been worried about for some time, Delhi is heading towards an epidemic of cardiovascular diseases, chiefly heart attack and stroke cases, due to a prevalence of alcohol use, obesity and raised blood pressure – all illnesses which have grown in number over the course of the last twenty years

April 18, 2017
India Times

The rise of non-communicable diseases in Hong Kong amid climate change

MIMS explains the influence of climate change on non-communicable diseases in Hong Kong. An average increase in daily mean temperature above 28.2 degrees C was associated with an estimated 1.8% increase in mortality. In Hong Kong, during the summer, temperatures break these levels and hospitalisations and deaths tend to be due to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Higher temperatures still would increase atmospheric concentrations of particulate matter and production of ozone, which would acerbate the chronic pulmonary diseases and acute respiratory diseases, as well as those linked to lung function  

April 14, 2017

Diabetes still on the rise, but the rate of heart disease in adult diabetics is falling

Despite the worrying increase in the number of adults and children with diabetes around the world, the rate of cardiovascular disease among those with type 2 diabetes (90% of cases) has decreased by 20%, according to a Swedish study published in the New England Journal of Medicine

April 13, 2017
Yahoo Lifestyle

Obesity contributes to health problems in Zambia

Radio France International reports on how Zambian health authorities have found that increased obesity in parts of the country is contributing to a sharp rise in non-communicable disease problems which are harming people’s

April 10, 2017
Radio France International

Lack of sunlight could increase the risk of heart disease in obese children, study claims

A study of medical records of children aged six to 17 found many who were overweight and had high cholesterol and fatty acids and also suffered from low vitamin D. The researchers suggested that children with weight problems should spend more time out in the sun which stimulates the body to produce Vitamin D naturally

April 10, 2017
Irish Sun

Obesity and diabetes kill more than intially thought, according to new study

Forbes says that a recently published study in PLoS ONE revealed that diabetes may be killing around four times as many people as originally thought

April 8, 2017

Body mass may not be a good way to predict heart disease in minorities

In this new study, a higher proportion of healthy weight people in non-white racial and ethnic groups also had heart or diabetes risk factors. But, whereas it stood at 21% for normal weight individuals from a white ethnic origin, it rose to 31% for black people, 32% for Chinese descent, 39% for Hispanics and 44% for South Asians

April 4, 2017
April 3, 2017
Science Daily

Overweight, obese young men at increased risk of liver disease

Young men who are overweight or obese have up to double the risk of normal-weight peers of developing liver disease later in life, a large study in Sweden suggests. If the young men also had type 2 diabetes, their risk of having liver disease by the time they reached middle age was as much as 3.3 times higher, researchers reported in the journal Gut

March 31, 2017

More evidence linking stress to obesity

A new study using hair to measure long-term levels of the stress hormone cortisol confirms the link between chronic stress and packing on the pounds, as well as explaining the difficulty in shedding excess

March 30, 2017

‘Healthy’ obese still face higher heart disease risk

Even without high blood pressure or other signs of illness, obese adults have a much higher risk of developing heart disease than normal weight peers, according to a new study from Denmark

March 23, 2017

BSF losing more men to lifestyle diseases, mental illness than operations: Director General KK S...

More Border Security Force personnel are dying of mental illnesses and lifestyle diseases than in the line of duty, BSF Director General, KF Sharma said on Tuesday. As a consequence of the study the force is taking some remedial measures to control lifestyle disease by including yoga in the daily routine and changing the dietary

March 21, 2017
Times of India

'Guns don't kill soldiers... SAMOSAS do': India's 'fat soldiers' paramilitary forces lose more m...

The South African Stroke and Heart Foundation said for many South Africans salt intake is too high with much of it hidden in processed food and bread. The nation may have more ‘supertasters,’ with the gene prevalent in Africa, which may mean that South Africans in particular are driven to eat more salt by greater taste sensitivity

March 16, 2017
Daily Mail

Study identifies African-specific genomic variant associated with obesity

An international team of researchers conducted the first study of its kind to look at the genomic underpinnings of obesity in continental Africans and African-Americans. They discovered that approximately 1% of West Africans, African-Americans and others of African descent carry a genomic variant that increases their risk of obesity 

March 13, 2017

Medical experts warn of link between obesity and kidney disease

A new study reported that there is a strong link between obesity and kidney disease. Individuals with a low number of nephrons are the most susceptible to a change in the blood flow in the kidney due to obesity. Obesity hampers a child’s development and quality of life leading to secondary complications such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases

March 5, 2017
New Straits Times

Obese couples may take longer to conceive

A recent study indicates that when both partners are obese the couple took up to 59% longer to conceive than non-obese counterparts

February 28, 2017

Less than a stone of extra weight can boost cancer risk by half

A major new review led by Imperial College London concluded that being obese is linked to eleven different cancers and is associated with many others

February 28, 2017
The Telegraph, The Guardian

Health systems

Obese people may get less 'comfort care' at the end of life

Obese people in the U.S. may not receive the same kind of care at the end of their lives, as people who are thin, or normal weight, a new study suggests 

March 3, 2017

Communicable diseases

Water security: the key ingredient for soda tax success

Mexico has the highest sugary drinks consumption per capita, followed by Chile and South Africa. The lack of widespread access to water in these countries has resulted in the greater permeation of sugary drinks into the market. In Mexico, which introduced a sugary drinks tax in 2014, the goal is to use the tax revenue to support the introduction of free drinking water fountains in all public schools, reducing the need to buy bottled water. Mexico has 206,155 public schools of which 42,617 get water either from a well or a tanker truck. The quality of water is not guaranteed and the programme saw resources cut in 2016

April 28, 2017