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Tag search: "Poverty"

Promoting health through the life course

Climate Change May Bring Disasters and Deeper Poverty to Asia

Asia and the Pacific, home to two thirds of the world’s poor, are at the highest risk of suffering deeper poverty and disaster due to unabated climate change, reversing current development gains, according to the Asian Development Bank. The Asian landmass will see a temperature increase of 6 degrees Celsius (10.8 degrees Fahrenheit) by the end of the century under a business-as-usual scenario, ADB said, based on findings included in a report analysing climate risks in Asia and the Pacific. Some countries in the region could experience significantly hotter climates, with temperature increases in Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and northwest China projected to hit 8 degrees Celsius, ADB said

July 14, 2017

Contraceptives are "one of the greatest anti-poverty innovations" - Melinda Gates

Contraceptives are "one of the greatest anti-poverty innovations the world has ever known", philanthropist Melinda Gates said, calling for family planning to be made a global priority. Access to birth control boosts economic productivity by freeing up women to work, and leads to smaller families with parents able to devote more resources to their children`s health and education, Gates told an international summit in London on family planning. Financial commitments announced at the conference were expected to total at least $2.5 billion - of which $1.5 billion has been pledged by countries in Africa and Asia

July 11, 2017
Reuters, Trust.org

World hunger on the rise again due to conflict and climate - U.N.

The number of hungry people in the world is rising again after years of decline, as millions suffer from the combined effects of conflict and climate change, the head of the U.N. food agency said. "Preliminary data available for this year indicates that the number of undernourished people in the world has (started to) rise again," said Jose Graziano da Silva, director-general of the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization. Graziano da Silva said this year`s setback in the fight against hunger hardly came as a surprise, with almost 20 million people facing starvation because of fighting and drought in South Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen

July 3, 2017

How investing in poor children saves lives and boosts the economy

UNICEF is launching a compelling report, Narrowing the Gaps: The power of investing in the poorest children, showing that investments in the most deprived children and communities provide greater value for money. The study indicates that every $1 million invested in the poorest children saves nearly twice as many lives as the same investments that do not reach the poor. These findings have important implications, also in Kenya, especially as the Government works to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and Kenya’s Vision 2030. The SDG child mortality target aims to end all preventable new born and child deaths by 2030. This universal goal demands urgent action to reach the still unreached children, families and communities

June 28, 2017
Standard Media

India submits report on sustainable development goals to UN

The review is centred around the goals of ending poverty and hunger, and ensuring healthy lives, besides achieving gender equality, building resilient infrastructure, etc. On ending poverty in all its forms, it said there was compelling evidence that the rapid growth India has achieved following the economic reforms in 1991 had led to significant reduction in poverty. The report cited Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act to emphasise that over two billion person-days of employment were generated during 2016-17 alone, largely for the disadvantaged sections of society

June 20, 2017
Business Standard

Deadly protests in India highlight despair of poor landless farmers

The killing of five farmers in clashes with police in central India exposes the plight of landless peasants struggling to pay back debt with meagre earnings from lower produce prices, activists say. Low prices for produce such as lentils and cereals amid a glut in supply have triggered protests by farmers in central Madhya Pradesh state and neighbouring Maharashtra, where officials have said they will waive loans of some defaulting farmers. But the waivers will only benefit farmers who own land and do not address the main reasons for farmers` distress including landlessness and the small size of holdings, said Kishor Tiwari, head of a committee set up by the Maharashtra government to address farmers` issues

June 9, 2017

Venezuela crisis forces women to sell sex in Colombia, fuels slavery risk

As a humanitarian and political crisis in neighbouring Venezuela deepens, growing numbers of Venezuelan women are working in bars and brothels across Colombia, at this moment, there are around 4,500 Venezuelan sex workers in Colombia, some working in the capital, others in Caribbean tourist resorts and even in far-flung Amazon villages near the Brazilian border, according to ASMUBULI, a Colombian sex workers association. Campaigners and the United Nations say Venezuelan migrant women and men selling sex in Colombia are at high risk of being trafficked into forced prostitution but little is known about the true scale of the largely invisible problem

June 5, 2017

Myanmar children in conflict-hit areas risk getting left behind: U.N.

About 2.2m children living in remote and conflict ridden parts of Myanmar could be left behind, as the country rapidly develops following decades of military rule, the UN has warned. UNICEF is calling for greater humanitarian access to these regions so as to ensure that youngsters in the country have a brighter future. Although social and economic measures rolled out by the new government have improved health, education and protection for children, the country’s remotest parts are yet to benefit

May 23, 2017

Maternal healthcare expenses push 46.6% mothers in India into poverty: Study

A new study found that maternal healthcare expenses push 46.6% of mothers in India into poverty – with the illiterate being especially susceptible – according to a December 2016 study by researchers at Jawaharlal Nehru University and the Indian Institute of Technology

May 22, 2017
Hindustan Times

Radio aimed at Nicaragua's Miskito women takes on violence, trafficking

Airing from dusk to dawn, six days a week, broadcast along the country’s impoverished north Atlantic Coast, a new radio station is being hailed by UN Women and campaigners as a key way to reach indigenous communities plagued by violence against women and girls. Powered mainly on solar radio, it is the first and only radio station dedicated to women’s rights in their native language

May 22, 2017

Dangote, Adenuga, Otedola, others can end poverty in Nigeria – Oxfam

As part of its ‘Even it Up’ campaign, a new Oxfam report highlighted the large and growing gap between the rich and the poor in Nigeria. It said economic inequality is a key factor behind the conflict that has led to the severe food crisis in its north eastern states, which the UN estimates will see 5m people suffer from food shortages this year. Despite a growing economy, Nigeria saw the number living in poverty increase from 69m to 112m between 2004 and 2010 and the number of millionaires grew by 44% during that same period

May 17, 2017
Vanguard, Guardian Nigeria, Nan.ng, Cable Nigeria, Channel STV, Naij

One in four children in Arab world live in poverty - UNICEF study

One in four children in the Arab world live in poverty, often deprived of life’s most basic necessities such as proper housing or safe water, according to a study by UNICEF. The study is the first to pull together data on child poverty across the region and it found that a lack of education is a key driver of poverty among the young

May 15, 2017

Zambia's poorest farmers risk becoming "squatters on their own land" – UN expert

Zambia’s smallholder farmers could be made squatters on their own land as the country opens up to farming multinationals in an effort to boost its economy, a UN expert said. Hilal Elever, UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food, said Zambia’s ambition to develop its commercial farming sector to become Southern Africa’s food basket risks worsening extreme rural poverty as farmers may face eviction to make way. Such plans need to place the social and economic impact on people at the centre and not just focus on short term profitability and economic growth 

May 12, 2017

Opinion: Where were the women at the World Bank Land and Poverty Conference?

The writer argues that gender was missing from most of the plenary sessions she attended. “Addressing gender issues requires a conviction that attention to gender is necessary”. “It requires employing time and financial resources, predicated on the knowledge that shrugging off the need for these resources means letting down women, the largest and most consistently marginalized population on the planet”

May 2, 2017

Men in the Middle East slow to embrace gender equality - study

Most young men in the Middle East and North Africa still hold traditional attitudes similar to their fathers towards women’s role in society, according to a survey, which said the region was bucking a global trend by not embracing change fully. The study of nearly 10,000 men and women across Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco and the Palestinian Territories also revealed significant levels of domestic violence and sexual harassment

May 2, 2017
Trust.org, Reuters, Guardian, BBC

Child marriage soars in Yemen as famine looms: UN

Child marriage soars in Yemen as families struggle to feed their children amid a conflict that has left the country on the brink of famine, UNICEF said. Around 80% of all families in Yemen are in debt or are borrowing money to feed their children. Dowry payments are an additional incentive for poor parents to marry daughters off early and, as there is no minimum age for marriage, campaigners say girls sometimes as young as eight or nine are being married off

March 27, 2017

How to fix war-torn societies? Help women to work

Experts say women as survivors of war are agents of change, and through that change they can empower both themselves and the whole community. These are not people sitting back waiting for food as refugees, back in their country of origin they were almost always incredibly resourceful, reasonably well educated and only setback by the loss of all their identity when they became a refugee. Empowerment turns a refugee into a champion for change

March 24, 2017

Girls 'too poor' to buy sanitary protection missing school

Some girls in the UK are too poor to buy sanitary protection and are missing school. Now a charity that provides sanitary protection to women in Kenya is now doing the same for girls in West Yorkshire

March 14, 2017

Millions of Women Don’t Have Access to Fertility Treatments in the U.S.

According to a new report, whether or not a woman in the USA has access to clinics that offer fertility services depends on where she lives. The authors of the study found that about 40% of women of reproductive age have limited or no access to ART clinics

March 14, 2017

Breast cancer costs low-income women more jobs

Poor women undergoing breast cancer treatment are four times more likely to lose their jobs than their high-income peers, a new study says

February 28, 2017

Non communicable diseases

New ethical lapses alleged in controversial India cervical cancer screening trial

A long-debated study aimed at validating a low-cost way to screen for cervical cancer in India has come under fire again, based on new evidence of ethical lapses contained in documents obtained through the U.S. Freedom of Information Act. Critics of the 18-year trial said that U.S.-funded Indian researchers used ineffective screening that endangered thousands of poor women in Mumbai. They were told the test could help prevent cancer, but far fewer pre-cancerous lesions were found than expected, suggesting that some lesions were missed — possibly leading to an unknown number of deaths. The trial should have been stopped years earlier for another reason, critics said: Other research had already shown that the screening method worked when properly applied, making it unethical to use an unscreened control group

June 23, 2017

India’s improving economy driving diabetes rise among urban poor

Diabetes in India is undergoing a demographic transformation, shifting from largely afflicting the affluent to increasingly burdening the poor and middle income population. According to a new study, this metabolic disorder is increasingly affecting the urban poor in part due to the improving economy. On average, the study found that diabetes was twice as common in urban areas as rural – 11.2 percent and 5.2 percent respectively. And although the disease was still more common, for the most part, in wealthier populations, it was actually higher among the urban poor in seven of the more economically advanced states

June 9, 2017
June 8, 2017
Scroll, Hindustan Times, Business Standard

Lower-income U.S. adults haven't seen heart health gains

Heart health in the US has generally improved since the start of the 21st century, but not for adults living in poverty, a new study suggests. Between 1999 and 2014, high-income people had decreases in rates of high blood pressure, smoking and high risk for heart disease. The same wasn`t true for low-income people, however. The data shows that primary care and prevention is important for people with low incomes, researchers added

June 7, 2017

Heart failure mortality is inversely related to wealth of country

Death in patients with heart failure is inversely related to the wealth of the country they live in, according to new research. Death rates in India and Africa were three to four times higher than those documented in Western countries

April 30, 2017
Science Daily

If we want to improve mental health, first we need to tackle poverty

The Guardian welcomes Prince Harry’s recent intervention on the topic of mental health but adds that removing the stigma attached to the illness is not enough and society needs to look at the role of poverty. In the UK the Mental health Foundation say that the poorest fifth of the population are twice as likely to be at risk of mental health problems as those on average incomes, in fact, poverty increases the likelihood of developing mental illness and mental illness increases the likelihood of poverty

April 25, 2017
The Guardian

As Public Attention Turns To Mental Health, Let’s Not Forget Women And Girls

About one in five women in the UK have a mental health problem, compared to one in eight men. Men remain far more likely to die by suicide, but there is a worrying increase in mental health issues with women, up 8.3% in a single year, and the number now stands at its highest rate in England in over a decade

April 24, 2017
Huffington Post

Mentally ill accessing less U.S. health care

More than 8 million American adults suffer from serious psychological distress and they are less likely to access healthcare services than other people, a new U.S. study says

April 17, 2017

Scandinavia's Sami struggle with suicide, worsened by climate change

Scandinavia’s Sami, an arctic indigenous population, are struggling with high suicide rates but the impact of global warming is worsening the problem. The traditional way of life herding reindeer is under pressure as rising temperatures threaten the size of the herds and cause financial woes

April 7, 2017

Low ammonium levels in urine may indicate serious risks for kidney disease patients

New research indicates that measuring ammonium excretion in the urine may be a help in identifying patients with chronic kidney disease who face serious health risks

April 6, 2017
Eureka Alert
April 7, 2017
ProKerala, DNA India

Stop calling NCDs ‘lifestyle diseases’ - SPC

Director General of the SPC, Colin Tukuitonga, said calling NCDs ‘lifestyle diseases’ was wrong because it implied people had a choice when, in fact, many Pacific people and especially children were victims of their circumstances. ‘It is actually quite expensive having a healthy diet and to say it is individual responsibility is unfortunate as there are systemic issues which come into play. The environment in which people live and work will have a bearing’

April 5, 2017
Radio New Zealand

Health systems

We can cure hepatitis C. But we’re now making the same mistake we did with AIDS

The World Health Organization now reports that 4 out of 5 people infected with hepatitis C aren’t even aware of it. Of those who do know, fewer than 1 in 50 have received treatment. These numbers are far worse in parts of South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where the majority of the global extreme poor live. In many places, such as Rwanda, infected patients remain on waiting lists for treatment, without which many succumb early to liver failure, cancer and other related complications. This is a failure not of science but of delivery

July 29, 2017
Washington Post

Fanning the Flames of the AIDS Crisis in the U.S. South

Mississippi’s State Department of Health will no longer offer HIV screenings for free. Effective July 1, the Health Department began charging a $25 fee for all sexually transmitted diseases and HIV tests and lab work at all of its clinics. This decision is fuelling an already raging fire, as the U.S. South is home to 44 percent of all people living with HIV/AIDS in the country and is home to some of the highest pockets of poverty in the USA

July 7, 2017
Huffington Post

Our so-called 'universal' healthcare: the well waste money and the poor get sicker

Amy Corderoy writes about health inequality in Australia, and points out that only two out of every 10 people with a condition such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder can expect to make it to the average Australian life expectancy, she is also concerned about the difference between city and country, where the further out you go the more likely you are to die an avoidable death. And even if you don’t have an obvious risk factor such as a mental illness, there is one clear way of predicting your chances of living a longer or shorter life: your income. When researchers divide Australians into five income groupings, they find a steady increase in the rate of deaths as they move from the very richest to the very poorest

June 10, 2017
The Guardian

Free health care could pose challenge to development - IDB

The problems facing Jamaica’s health sector, especially with free access to public services and treatment, are among several gaps being looked at by the Inter-American Development Bank as it develops its 10-year strategic plan. IDB sources told the Jamaica Gleaner that ‘in some instances free health care can threaten the delivery of sustained quality care and we support a health system model which target those who could afford to pay to improve access for the poor’

May 22, 2017
Jamaica Gleaner

Medicaid cuts coming in Trump budget: Washington Post

US President Trump’s budget proposal, set to be unveiled on Tuesday, will include cuts to Medicaid and propose changes to other assistance programmes for low-income citizens, the Washington Post reported. The Republican healthcare bill seeks to overhaul the national healthcare system and cut more than $800bn over the next 10 years from Medicaid, the government health insurance programme for the poor and the disabled

May 21, 2017

On the prohibitive cost of drugs to the average Nigerian

Nigeria’s Sun News calls on the executive to take action on the prohibitive cost of drugs for the average Nigerian. The paper cites the current recession, a shortage of foreign exchange to import medicines and the inability of the government to make the services of the National Primary Healthcare Development Agency available to the masses

April 30, 2017
Sun News Online

Yogi Adityanath’s big plan to revamp UP’s health services, ‘6 AIIMS-like hospitals, 25 med...

Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, Yogi Adityanath, called for an end to kickbacks involving medical transactions and the exploitation of poor people in the name of expensive treatment. He said he hopes to revamp the state’s health service with more hospitals and medical colleges over the next five years

April 5, 2017
Financial Express, inUth

Poor patients turned away as doctors strike against assaults in India

Reuters reported that poor patients in western India were unable to access care for a fourth day at state hospital as doctors maintained a strike in protest at assaults by patients families. The High Court in Mumbai ordered doctors back to work in Maharashtra but asked the government to ensure their security, adding more pressure to an overburdened public healthcare system

March 23, 2017
March 25, 2017
First Post
March 27, 2017
The Hindu

Trump Health Plan Helps Young Middle Class at Cost of Old, Poor: CBO

A Congress Budget Office report said ‘among the biggest beneficiaries of President Trump’s healthcare overhaul would be young, middle-class Americans. People over 50 and lower-income people would be hardest hit’

March 14, 2017

Communicable diseases

Flu killing 500 Kiwis each year, Otago University study says

The flu is killing about 500 New Zealanders each year - and men, Maori, Pacific Islanders and those living in poverty are at greatest risk of premature death from it. That`s according to new research from Otago University scientists who say the flu is likely New Zealand`s single biggest infectious disease killer, accounting for about 1.8 per cent of deaths in the country. A new study has, for the first time in any country, estimated the distribution of flu deaths in relation to ethnicity and social deprivation, as well as gender and age group. It found that, in the key 65-79 year age group, Maori were 3.6 times more likely to die of influenza than those of European or other ethnicity, while Pacific people were 2.4 times more likely to die during a typical flu season

June 9, 2017
New Zealand Herald, Medical Express

To end poverty, Latin America must invest in equal, green growth - UN

Increased cooperation among Latin American and Caribbean nations, alongside a shift to green policies and higher technology use are crucial for them to meet global development goals. The target, according to the UN’s Alicia Barcena, has to be to take 75m in the region out of extreme poverty. As public spending and economic activity reduce, there is likely to be a stagnation in poverty reduction. With a likely increase in extreme weather events, climate change needs to become a driver behind the region’s desire to develop secure infrastructure, more robust healthcare systems and kickstart new sustainable industries to create growth

April 27, 2017
Trust.org, Antara News

Poverty, open sewers and parasites: ‘America’s dirty shame’

The FT reports that tropical parasites are thriving in the hot, humid U.S. south where the poorest Americans are faced with a new era of budget cuts under Donald Trump’s new administration

April 18, 2017
Financial Times

Six megatrends that could alter the course of sustainable development

UNDP policy specialists outline the ‘six megatrends that could alter the course of global sustainable development’ in an opinion piece for The Guardian. These trends include: 1) poverty and inequality reduction 2) population growth, ageing, migration and urbanisation 3) the consequences of environmental degradation and climate change 4) economic, financial, conflicts, disease outbreaks - shocks and crisis, 5) extensive financing for global development 6) technological innovations to power the change

April 14, 2017
The Guardian

UN: Latin America's Poor Need More Help to Tackle Zika

The ripple effects of the Zika virus are hitting the poor hard in Latin America and the Caribbean and could k nock back development unless states involve communities in a stronger push to tackle the disease, a UN-led study said. The virus will cost the region between $7bn and $18bn from 2015-17, said the report, large economies like Brazil will shoulder the biggest share of the cost, put poorer countries like Belize and Haiti will suffer the severest impacts 

April 6, 2017
Voice of America, Reuters, Huffington Post

As cities surge, careful planning is needed for the 'invisible poor'

With 70% of the world’s population expected to live in cities by 2050, getting urban planning right is crucial to ensuring cities are safe, resilient and fair, particularly for the poorest residents. What is happening now on many occasions is the demolition of vast swathes of slums, home to many of those most in need. A genuine rethink of planning efforts is needed to spread the use of clean energy and address the use of scarce resources to address climate change. Existing fault lines in cities exacerbate the inequality that causes the poor become invisible and this needs to be reversed

April 5, 2017

Positive signs as Asia-Pacific moves towards SDGs

Dr Shamshad Akhtar, under-secretary general of the UN and executive secretary of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia Pacific, praised the efforts made by Asia Pacific nations to push ahead with the implementation of the 17 SDGs. She highlighted the domestication of the action plan by these countries, many of whom have developed a national sustainable development strategy, as a particular success. She picked out progress on gender equality in primary education and maternal mortality rates which are down, except for isolated pockets

April 3, 2017
The Phnom Penh Post
April 2, 2017
Malay Mail
April 3, 2017
Eurasia Review
March 31, 2017
The Irrawady

How successful were the millennium development goals?

A new study tries to measure the success of the Millennium Development Goals. The research indicates that at least 21 million lives were saved due to accelerated progress. Two-thirds of the lives saved were in sub-Saharan Africa, around a fifth were in China and India and the remainder were spread across the developing world. Between 8.8 to 17.3m of the lives saved were due to faster progress on child mortality; 8.7m due to expanded treatment for HIV Aids, 3.1m due to declines in TB deaths and approximately half a million due to improvements in maternal mortality

March 30, 2017
The Guardian
January 11, 2017
Brookings Institute

Despite growth, one in 10 Asians live in extreme poverty

A report released at the Asia Pacific Forum on Sustainable Development said ‘some 400m people, a tenth of Asia’s population, live on less than $1.90 a day – a global definition of poverty – despite the region’s impressive economic growth. Taking into account wider indicators of poverty such as health, education and living standards for the same period (2010-13), the number of poor was higher at 931m, or one in four,’ the UN and the ADB said

March 29, 2017

Candidato a director de la OMS: "Los laboratorios deben bajar los precios a los paises pobres"

On a visit to Guatemala to learn more about the health challenges the country is facing, David Nabarro, candidate to be the next Director General of WHO, said ‘pharmaceutical companies should seek to find a way in which to reduce prices for medicines in poorer countries’

March 29, 2017
America Economica
March 28, 2017
Noticias Terra, La Conexion USA, Emisoras Unidas 89.7

Pro-poor urbanization, sustainable infrastructure can unlock Asia-Pacific's prosperity – UN

Some 400m people in Asia and the Pacific still confront poverty as part of their daily lives due to widening income inequality, despite the region’s impressive gains in reducing poverty in recent decades, a UN-backed report has found. The report underscores the importance of addressing poverty through pro-poor urbanization, effective management of rural-urban transitions and investment in sustainable infrastructure

March 28, 2017
UN News , SciDev.Net

Burundi : 7602 abandons scolaires pour des raisons socio-économiques à Mwaro depuis 2016

Governor of Mwaro province in Burundi said ‘7,602 students have left their studies for socio-economic reasons since the start of this year. The reasons given are searching for work to be able to support themselves or other disease-driven constraints such as malaria or other illnesses’

March 20, 2017
Burundi AgNews

Poor, minority neighborhoods have more tobacco-selling shops per capita

Neighbourhoods in the U.S. which have a high proportion of black residents, or the highest poverty levels, tend to have the greatest density of stores selling cigarettes and tobacco products, researchers say in a new study. Poverty explained some of the link, as did an urban planning concept, which sees a proportion of the homes which are rented versus owned homes accounting for most of the link

March 16, 2017

Indian leather workers risk health, life to make shoes for global market: report

About 2.5m Indian workers work long hours with toxic chemicals for poverty wages in the country’s leather industry, making shoes and clothes for Western brands, a study has found

March 15, 2017

Cuomo’s $1.4 Billion Plan Targets Brooklyn in Fight Against Poor Health and Poverty

New York State Governor, Andrew M. Cuomo, announced a comprehensive plan to direct U.S.$1.4bn in the state’s resources to long-suffering areas of central Brooklyn. The plan would allot the biggest chunk of money to healthcare $700m. Citing persistent problems of poverty, violence and poor health the idea of anti-poverty initiatives is stirring talk of a possible run by Cuomo for the presidency in 2020

March 9, 2017
New York Times