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Tag search: "Pregnancy"

Promoting health through the life course

How bitter herbs and botched abortions kill three women a day in the Philippines

In a country where most women don’t use contraceptives and terminating pregnancy is illegal, ‘torturous’ practices are often the only option. More than 65% of women don’t use modern contraceptives, and maternal mortality rates are still high in the Philippines, standing at 114 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2015. Although it’s against the law to end a pregnancy in the Philippines, an estimated 610,000 abortions take place every year

July 10, 2017
The Guardian

Drinking during pregnancy may affect several generations, UC Riverside study finds

New research from UC Riverside has found that drinking alcohol while pregnant can cause brain changes in offspring that may be passed all the way down to great-grandchildren. Neuroscientist and psychology professor Kelly Huffman’s most recent work built on her 2013 study in mice that showed exposing a foetus to alcohol changes the brain’s wiring. It further bolsters the conclusion that no amount of alcohol is safe during pregnancy, Huffman said

July 7, 2017
The Press Enterprise

Tanzanian leader reaffirms ban on pregnant girls attending state schools

Tanzanian President John Magufuli has rejected activists` calls for the government to allow pregnant students to attend state schools, saying it was immoral for young girls to be sexually active. Tanzania`s ban on pregnant girls attending state primary and secondary schools dates back to 1961, when the country secured its independence from Britain, though it does not extend to private schools. Activists have stepped up calls in recent years for the ban to be scrapped, saying expelled teenagers face widespread stigma, the possibility of being forced into early marriage and the challenge of providing for themselves and their babies

June 23, 2017

Do antidepressants in pregnancy raise kids’ ADHD risk?

Women with depression may be more likely than other mothers to have children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) even if they don’t take antidepressants during pregnancy, a recent study suggests. The results indicate that at least part of the link previously seen between kids’ exposure to antidepressants during pregnancy and their risk of developing ADHD may be explained by “family factors” such as maternal depression, rather than the drugs themselves, the study authors write in The BMJ

June 7, 2017

Less than a third of women hit weight gain target in pregnancy

The majority of women gain too much or too little weight during pregnancy, putting both mothers and babies at an increased risk for complications, a review of past studies suggests, researchers examined data from 23 studies covering a total of more than 1.3 million pregnancies and found 47 percent of the time women gained more weight than recommended by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) - about 25 to 35 pounds for people who start out pregnancy at a normal weight. Another 23 percent of the time, women didn’t gain enough weight. Too little pregnancy weight gain was associated with a higher risk of undersized and premature infants, while too much weight gain was linked to greater odds of oversized babies and caesarean section, or surgical deliveries, researchers report in JAMA

June 6, 2017

Smart bangle delivers pregnancy tips to Asian wrists

A hi-tech bangle that alerts pregnant women to toxic fumes and issues audio tips promises to boost maternal health in South Asia, as smart devices deliver more services to remote communities. The bangle was developed by Intel Social Business and it is designed to withstand the rigours of village life. Made of durable plastic, water-resistant and with a long-lasting battery that does not require charging during the duration of the pregnancy, neither does it need an internet connection to work. It can deliver wellness messages twice a week, what to eat and when to see a doctor

May 17, 2017

Pregnancy problems are leading global killer of ​​females aged 15 to 19

The World Health Organization said that more than 1m girls and boys die annually, mostly from preventable causes. Pregnancy complications are the leading cause of death globally among females aged 15-19, with self-harm in second place, a global study has found. The main causes are mental health issues, poor nutrition, reproductive health problems and violence. Failure to address the health of 10-19 year olds undermines the improvements achieved in maternal and child health worldwide

May 16, 2017

Contagio del Zika en embarazadas alerta a salud pública

In Ecuador the health minister is calling for more protection for pregnant women against the growing zika threat. Health minister, Veronica Espinosa called on people to redouble their efforts to protect pregnant women against picking up the virus, particularly because of the risk of congenital complications that might be passed on to the baby

May 7, 2017
Metro Ecuador

In South Africa, mothers lead push to get pregnant women tested for HIV

South African mothers are leading the push to get pregnant women tested for HIV; mothers2mothers support groups are helping women to understand the value of HIV testing for young pregnant women and how this is leading to a cut in transmission of a virus that can pass AIDS from mothers to babies

May 5, 2017

WHO says 69% of pregnant women lack access to preventive malaria treatment in Africa

In a statement ahead of World Malaria Day, WHO called on all malaria endemic countries in Africa to urgently improve access to preventative malaria treatment and other critical tools for pregnant women on the continent. Despite progress made in malaria prevention in pregnant women in Africa, 69% of them are still not receiving the recommended doses of intermittent treatment in pregnancy therapy required for protection against malaria infection

April 21, 2017
Financial Nigeria

WHO says 69% of pregnant women lack access to preventive malaria treatment in Africa

In a statement ahead of World Malaria Day, WHO called on all malaria endemic countries in Africa to urgently improve access to preventative malaria treatment and other critical tools for pregnant women on the continent. Despite progress made in malaria prevention in pregnant women in Africa, 69% of them are still not receiving the recommended doses of intermittent treatment in pregnancy therapy required for protection against malaria infection

April 21, 2017
Financial Nigeria

Health department intensifies efforts to curb teen pregnancies

The latest shock statistics on pre-teen and teen pregnancies in South Africa revealed that 193 pupils in Grades 3,4 and 6 fell pregnant between 2014 and 2016. If school pupils from Grade 6 and 7 were added this number would jump to 1,449. The Department of Health acknowledged the issue and explained how it was intensifying its efforts to address this societal crisis

April 5, 2017

Late marriage of women may boost child’s health and well being

Reducing child marriages and delaying the marriage of younger women in India may have significant results in improving child health and educational outcomes, a study found

April 5, 2017
Indian Express

Binge drinking prior pregnancy ups diabetes risk in kids later

A study finds that binge drinking before conceiving may lead to high blood sugar in kids, increasing the risk of developing diabetes in their adulthood. The researchers concluded the use of alcohol during pregnancy is well-known and includes possible birth defects and behavioural problems. The impact of binge drinking prior to pregnancy may have an effect too

April 3, 2017
Indian Express

Myanmar trains midwives to tackle maternal death rate

Myanmar is training up hundreds of midwives in an effort to reduce the number of women who die in childbirth, one of the many social policy reforms launched by the country as it emerges from decades of military rule

April 1, 2017

HPV vaccination during pregnancy shows no ill effects

New evidence from a Danish nationwide study suggests that Merck’s quadrivalent papillomavirus vaccine (HPV), marketed as Gardasil, is not dangerous in the unusual case when it is inadvertently given during early pregnancy

March 30, 2017

'Khoon ka Rishta' campaign enables pregnant women in Bihar avoid anaemia

BBC Media Action India’s charity is working with women across eight districts in Bihar and giving them 180 iron and folic acid tablets to prevent anaemia, a similar number of blood-drop red stickers and a booklet and an outline of a baby for pasting in the stickers for every tablet consumed

March 26, 2017

Placenta more vulnerable to Zika in early pregnancy

A new study has found that the placenta is much more vulnerable to Zika infection in the first trimester of pregnancy and this explains why the congenital damage caused by the virus is more serious in the early stages of a child’s parental development. Researchers also found that the Zika strain in Africa is more virulent than the Asian strain. The African strain multiplies faster than the Asian strain, destroying placental cells and compromising gestation

March 14, 2017

Las embarazadas pueden sufrir gripes H1N1 más peligrosas tras el parto

Pregnant women could be at more risk of contracting hazardous H1N1 flu after delivery, says a new study, because their immune system levels are lower

March 9, 2017
El Economista

Smoking during pregnancy tied to eye damage in kids

When women smoke during pregnancy, or have underweight babies, their children have a greater risk of developing  a type of retina damage, a Danish study suggests

March 8, 2017

Listeria May Pose Serious Threat Early in Pregnancy

A new study into how listeria affects the foetus has shown that listeria infection in pregnancy may go unnoticed with few recognizable symptoms other than the discomfort most pregnant women feel.  The study was based on Listeria’s spread in rhesus macaques. On the basis of the findings, the research team are theorizing that’ the maternal immune system’s attempt to clear the bacteria actually results in collateral damage to the placenta which then allows the bacteria to invade the foetus’

March 1, 2017

Preparedness, surveillance and response

Yemen: Cholera deaths mounting as infections increasing

UNICEF reported that 473 people have died from cholera, while infections rose to 52,000 cases across 18 Yemeni governorates. The numbers jumped by 14,000 in just the last two days. The health conditions are being exacerbated by food shortages, increased malnutrition and a lack of access to adequate health services, due to the Yemeni crisis. The UN Population Fund for the Arab Region said that 1.1m pregnant women who are malnourished, need immediate care and pregnancy health service support are at high risk

May 29, 2017
AlArabiya, menafn.com, Ahram Online, Anadolu Agency

Non communicable diseases

Pregnancy Complications Linked To Heart Disease Risk In Offspring

Children whose mothers experienced pregnancy complications were almost three times more likely to develop heart disease, complications of pregnancy, such as high blood pressure and infections, are linked to a heightened risk of early coronary heart disease in the young adult offspring, according to research published in Heart Asia. More than 600 million people live in Southeast Asia, most of whom are under the age of 65. But rates of premature deaths attributable to non-communicable diseases are high, with one in three occurring before the age of 60

June 6, 2017
Asian Scientist

Studies show socioeconomic and racial disparities in lupus

Researchers have identified a link between socioeconomic and racial disparities in the severity and treatment of lupus. The studies showed a link between poverty and worse lupus disease associated medical complications, and an increased frequency of adverse pregnancy outcomes in African American and Hispanic patients with lupus compared to white lupus patients

May 8, 2017

Obese couples may take longer to conceive

A recent study indicates that when both partners are obese the couple took up to 59% longer to conceive than non-obese counterparts

February 28, 2017

Communicable diseases

Expecting mothers with hepatitis C have 90% chance of infecting their babies

Worryingly, there has been an eight per cent rise in the number of HCV cases among pregnant women in the last decade. Experts say that babies born with HCV often have a mild liver disease and around 80 per cent have very low to no liver scarring in the first 18 years. However, the actual nature of the disease becomes apparent once the child reaches adulthood as HCV usually takes more than a decade to cause liver problems — but whenever it happens, it is disastrous

July 28, 2017
India.com, The Health Site

NIH launches prospective study of Zika and HIV co-infection during pregnancy

The National Institutes of Health has launched a study to determine the potential risks that infection with the Zika virus might pose for pregnancies in which the mother is also infected with HIV. At this point, little is known about whether Zika virus infection poses additional risks for maternal or infant health in pregnancies already complicated by HIV. Researchers hope the new study will provide information on whether infection with one of these viruses might increase the risk for infection with the other

July 10, 2017
National Institutes of Health

Zika causes birth defects in one in 10 pregnancies: U.S. study

A new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analysed a group of U.S. women with clear, confirmed test results of Zika infection during pregnancy. About one in 10 women had a fetus/baby with birth defects researchers found. Babies affected by Zika can develop congenital Zika syndrome which includes brain abnormalities, vision problems, hearing loss and problems moving limbs

April 4, 2017
Reuters, Miami Herald
April 5, 2017
Tech Times, Live Science
April 4, 2017