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Tag search: "Sanitation"

Promoting health through the life course

Trump Proposal Would Put Clean Drinking Water out of Reach for Millions Around the World

Scaling back development assistance as President Trump has envisioned would have disastrous, even lethal, consequences for people living on the brink. For example, his proposal would cut water assistance to Nigeria by 80 percent—even while it endures famine that UNICEF says could claim the lives of a half million children. And it would reduce water and sanitation support to Nepal by 99 percent—even while the Nepalese, still in the early stages of recovery from a horrific earthquake, face threats of disease outbreaks as they rebuild critical water and sanitation infrastructure

July 24, 2017
UN Dispatch

Billions around the world lack safe water, proper sanitation facilities, reveals UN report

Some three in ten people around the world lack access to safe and readily available water at home, and almost six in ten to safely managed sanitation, a new United Nations report has warned, calling on countries to do more to fulfil these basic human needs. According to the WHO and UNICEF joint report, Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: 2017 Update and Sustainable Development Goal Baselines, many homes, healthcare facilities and schools also lack soap and water for handwashing, putting the health of all people – but especially young children – at risk for deadly diseases

July 12, 2017
United Nations

Stinking mess: Public toilet pollutes Bhavani river

Bhavani River, which was recently found to be contaminated with high amounts of faecal matter, has a new source of pollution - a municipality-run public toilet located near the bridge on Ooty Main Road at Odanthurai - a report from the Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board in February found the river water highly contaminated with faecal matter. M Jaikumar, joint secretary of Save Bhavani Trust said the toilet was constructed two years ago, "It was not in use for several months but we found it open again recently so we are trying really hard to educate people and ensure that river contamination is reduced. However, if the government itself indulges in such activities, it becomes really difficult to protect the river," he said

May 29, 2017
Times of India, Nyoooz.com

Rural water access: why should countries follow Paraguay’s lead?

With more than 94% of the rural population able to access safe water, nations across Latin America and beyond should consider learning from Paraguay’s success story. Paraguay moved its sanitation and water agency to the auspices of the health department. It set up model community-led boards run by volunteers in the more remote rural areas to manage water and sanitation. They recover the maintenance and operating costs through setting water tariffs and repay a portion of capital costs used to build the initial infrastructure back to the treasury

May 26, 2017
The Guardian

Borealis and Borouge help provides safe water for over 50,000 thanks to PE pipes

Borealis, Borouge, the OPEC Fund for International Development and DFID have funded a Nairobi project that has brought safe and affordable drinking water to more than 50,000 of Kenya`s poorest residents. The Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company found it hard to invest in services here due to the haphazard nature of the settlements and perception residents would not pay. So residents without piped water bought water from private street vendors at much higher prices. The partners extended the existing network into the settlements using high-quality pipes, allowing pre-paid water dispensers to be installed which now provide water for as low as a 10th of the price it would be from a street vendor

May 15, 2017
British Plastics & Rubber

Human poo transformed into clean fuel for Kenya's urban poor

Reuters writes about an initiative being run by the Nakuru Water and Sanitation Services Company which is recycling human waste collected from pit latrines and septic tanks (the raw material for its briquettes). In its processes it removes impurities and smell along with harmful pathogens during the carbonisation process and adds molasses for a sweet aroma. The briquettes burn longer with less smoke compared to firewood and charcoal. With only 27% of the local residents connected to the town’s sewage system the scheme is a more sustainable way to dispose of large quantities of human waste. It is attracting interest from neighbouring counties and countries such as Rwanda 

May 12, 2017

Finding Inspiration In Clean Water And Decent Toilets

WaterAid CEO Barbara Frost is retiring and she recalls her time as head of the organization and talks about several examples where the intervention of the NGO has made a significant material difference to people’s lives in the developing world

May 11, 2017
Huffington Post

Burundi : 5 communes sur 119 ont interdit la défécation à l’air libre

In only 5 districts out of 119 in Burundi is it banned to defecate in the open air. In the remainder no ban is in place which becomes an important factor in encouraging the spread of diseases such as cholera

March 16, 2017
Burundi Agnews

Girls 'too poor' to buy sanitary protection missing school

Some girls in the UK are too poor to buy sanitary protection and are missing school. Now a charity that provides sanitary protection to women in Kenya is now doing the same for girls in West Yorkshire

March 14, 2017

Preparedness, surveillance and response

Dengue ground zero: 1 malaria inspector for 3.3 lakh people in East Delhi

Sources told The Indian Express that of the 65 posts for malaria inspectors, 54 remain vacant; of the 153 posts for assistant malaria inspectors, 90 remain vacant; of the 420 posts for field workers, 112 remain vacant; and of the 710 posts for domestic breeding checkers, 34 remain vacant. “There are 64 malaria circles, 40 lakh people and just 12 inspectors to monitor the work. Even a full strength of 420 field workers can’t check if all the drains are covered. Money issues mean the area keeps witnessing a surge in infections,” the official said. “We need to take action, but we have very few workers for legal enforcement”

June 14, 2017
The Indian Express

Dengue, chikungunya menace Delhi HC summon MCD commissioners on June 21

The Delhi High Court issued notices to the Municipal Corporation of Delhi for violating court orders in relation to sanitation. The court asked the MCD Commissioners to show cause as to why contempt proceedings should not be initiated against them. The court questioned them over their zero preparation leading to clogging of drains everywhere caused by light showers. It also attacked them over the problems of garbage lying unattended in the city causing vector-borne diseases

June 2, 2017
Yahoo News, Medical Dialogues
June 4, 2017
The Pioneer
June 2, 2017
Millenium Post

Cholera death toll in Yemen reaches at least 180: Red Cross

Cholera has killed at least 184 people in Yemen in recent weeks, the ICRC said on Monday, a day after authorities declared a state of emergency and called for international aid. After more than two years of war which has destroyed much of the nation’s infrastructure only a few medical facilities are still functioning and two-thirds of the population are without access to safe drinking water 

May 15, 2017
Reuters, CNN
May 16, 2017
May 15, 2017
Wall Street Journal, Sky, Voice of America, France24, CBC

UNICEF warns of outbreaks of cholera in Yemen

UNICEF warned of outbreaks of cholera in Yemen due to the continuing conflict, lack of clean drinking water and sanitation-related diseases. UNICEF said nearly 462,000 children are suffering from malnutrition and 10,000 under-fives may have died from preventable disease. Across the country, 17 million people – 60% of the population – are food insecure

April 5, 2017
Middle East Monitor

Cholera confirmed in Carnaza Island

At least 129 people have fallen sick in a cholera outbreak on Carnaza Island in the Philippines. The country’s Department of Health has sent experts to the island to respond

March 2, 2017
Sun Star
March 1, 2017

Khammam in the grip of dengue fever

After two months of lull, dengue has resurfaced in the district and ‘is spreading its wings across other areas of Telangana’

March 1, 2017
The Hindu

Dr Benoit Kebela parle d’une maladie apparentée au cholera qui sévit à Badengaido en Ituri

In Badengaido there has already been 16 deaths from around 79 cases recorded to date, according to the Ministry of Public Health spokesperson, Dr Benoit Kebela Ilunga

February 27, 2017
Radio Okapi

Non communicable diseases

Safe water: 97,000 kids die yearly from diarrhoea

For every 2,000 children under five who die from diarrhoea, more than 1800 of those deaths are actually linked to water sanitation and hygiene, evidence suggests

March 22, 2017
Daily Trust

Health systems

Solar energy powers clean water, business opportunities for refugees

As part of a broader initiative to help refugees access clean energy and sanitation, Water Mission is installing solar-powered water treatment facility in three refugee camps in western Tanzania. The $5.3 million project, funded by the Poul Due Jensen Foundation, is expected to provide safe water for some 250,000 refugees in Nyarugusu, Nduta and Mtendeli camps. According to Water Mission, the Tanzania project aims to pump 100 percent of the water using solar power, with diesel generators as back up. A recent shipment of 780 solar panels to Tanzania will produce 226,000 watts of power and provide a continuous supply of safe water to keep children in good health, it said

June 23, 2017

Achieving universal health coverage in Kenya through Innovative financing

Every year, one million Kenyans are driven below the poverty line by healthcare-related expenditures. Poverty predisposes them to disease and slows all aspects of growth in the economy. Africa accounts for a quarter of the world’s disease burden but has less than five per cent of the world’s doctors. The continent lags far behind in basic healthcare coverage for services such as immunization, water and sanitation, and family planning. Kenya can institute targeted taxation as an innovative financing policy to complement existing financing mechanisms

June 19, 2017
The Star

As Philippines battle grinds on, some displaced die in centres

Four weeks since fierce fighting broke out in the southern Philippines, some people who fled the battle are dying in over-crowded and unsanitary evacuation centres, health officials say. Alinader Minalang, the health director for the Lanao del Sur province which includes Marawi, said 300 cases of diarrhoea had been recorded among the nearly 40,000 people huddled in emergency shelters set up in community halls, gymnasiums and Islamic schools. Many of those who died were elderly and had pre-existing conditions, but at least two of the fatalities were due to diarrhoea

June 19, 2017

Ceaseless Middle East wars forcing change in approach to medical care

The ICRC warned that drawn-out crisis which are plaguing the Middle East could lead to the total collapse of health systems. One example is the disruption to vaccinations. As the children will not be vaccinated, diseases previously thought to be eradicated will simply re-emerge. Resistance to antibiotics because of drug usage in excess of prescribed limits has accelerated. Infections have spread as war has destroyed sanitation and clean water systems and triggered chaotic population movements 

May 16, 2017

Trabajadores sector salud en Chiapas denuncian falta insumos. Con Denise Maerker

With health workers tasked with battling outbreaks of dengue, chikungunya and zika, their representatives were publicly calling for more help in getting hold of medical supplies and equipment to be able to carry out their work

March 7, 2017
Radio Formula

Communicable diseases

Diarrhoea kills half a million children globally, shows Lancet study

Half a million children under the age of five died from diarrhoea-related illnesses in 2015, despite a significant reduction in the number of child deaths from such diseases over the past decade, the Lancet Infectious Diseases study say deaths fell by 34% between 2005 and 2015 after concerted efforts to improve water and sanitation. However, 499,000 under-fives and 1.3m people of all ages died as a result of diarrhoea in 2015, making it the fourth leading cause of mortality among young children with 8.6% of all under-fives’ deaths

June 2, 2017
The Guardian, BBC

India continues to record high child mortality rate due to diarrhoea

India continued to have more than 100,000 under-five diarrhoea deaths reported on account of it in 2015, a new Lancet study has found, with the highest rates of mortality for the under-fives were in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, with India and Nigeria combined registering 42% of the 499,000 global under five deaths due to diarrhoea in 2015

June 2, 2017
Financial Express, India.com

Commitment at all levels is essential for prevention of Dengue: Nadda

Union Minister of health and Family Welfare, JP Nadda, said commitment at all levels is essential for prevention and control of dengue, adding that by working together dengue can be prevented. For this purpose cleanliness is the most important thing. National Dengue Day is an occasion to spread awareness about its prevention and control. We must not create an environment for the dengue to breed in

May 16, 2017
Business Standard, Outlook India

Engineer advocates ban of pit latrine

Business Ghana features a story with engineering experts calling for a legislative instrument asking for a ban on the construction and use of pit latrines for local communities. It argues that poor use and maintenance of these latrines were the causes of cholera outbreaks and other intestinal diseases. Dubbed the ‘Community Led Total Sanitation’ programme, it is backed by World Vision International Ghana

May 10, 2017
Business Ghana

Is India Really 'Winning Its War' on Open Defecation?

Journalists from the Indian Express have investigated Indian government and local government claims about the elimination of open air defecation in some areas under PM Modi’s ‘Clean India’ programme and they found serious corruption and claims of 100% elimination false. For example, in Modhi village approximately 100 out of the 300 total households do not have a toilet. Toilets built by the government are often unusable as they don’t have water connections or tanks and are far from sewage pipes and often linked to open drains. This flatly contradicts claims by Bill Gates praising India for winning its war on open defecation

May 9, 2017
The Diplomat
April 25, 2017
Gates Notes
May 8, 2017
Business Insider

Sewage Problems Introduce 'Superbug' To Europe For First Time

Untreated sewage has a major consequence: it is littering the beaches of Europe with ‘superbugs.’ Antibiotic-resistant bacteria have been found on swimming beaches in Ireland and researchers are blaming waste water dumping. Researchers found the NDM enzyme for the first time on European beaches, according to the Irish Times. The enzyme makes bacteria highly resistant to some of the last line antibiotics available to hospitals

May 2, 2017
Water Online
April 25, 2017
Irish Times

Waste not: how cities can improve sanitation

Brian Arbogast, director of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programmes at the Gates Foundation, discusses the group’s ‘Reinvent the toilet’ challenge. He highlights how a lack of sanitation often results in cycles of contamination and infection that impose a heavy cost on human, economic and environmental health. He highlights a new ‘Talking Toilets’ 360 video, which puts viewers face to face with the consequences of poor sanitation and opens eyes to possible solutions

April 28, 2017
Financial Times

Toilet volunteers help clean up Bhutan in public health push

The Bhutan Toilet Association aims to rid the country of the practice of open defecation. Bhutan families traditionally built toilets on the first floor of dwellings with a sty underneath so human waste could serve as fodder.  Modern toilets have become popular in cities and towns but with the majority of Bhutanese living in remote rural hamlets, poor sanitation remains an issue in large parts of the country. Reports of typhoid due to water contamination during the monsoon season are common. The BTA now has activists working to rid the country of this practice and plans to build toilet facilities along highways and upgrade existing facilities to make them more friendly to women and people with disabilities

April 28, 2017
Reuters, Asia One

Poverty, open sewers and parasites: ‘America’s dirty shame’

The FT reports that tropical parasites are thriving in the hot, humid U.S. south where the poorest Americans are faced with a new era of budget cuts under Donald Trump’s new administration

April 18, 2017
Financial Times

Two billion people drinking contaminated water: WHO

Maria Neira, head of WHO’s public health department, said “today, almost two billion people use a source of drinking water contaminated with faeces, putting them at risk of contracting cholera, dysentery, typhoid and polio.” Hundreds of thousands of people die each year from drinking contaminated water. WHO is urging the international community to invest to provide universal access to safe drinking water

April 13, 2017
New Vision
April 14, 2017
The Nation, Hindustan Times
April 15, 2017
Sunday Times

Positive signs as Asia-Pacific moves towards SDGs

Dr Shamshad Akhtar, under-secretary general of the UN and executive secretary of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia Pacific, praised the efforts made by Asia Pacific nations to push ahead with the implementation of the 17 SDGs. She highlighted the domestication of the action plan by these countries, many of whom have developed a national sustainable development strategy, as a particular success. She picked out progress on gender equality in primary education and maternal mortality rates which are down, except for isolated pockets

April 3, 2017
The Phnom Penh Post
April 2, 2017
Malay Mail
April 3, 2017
Eurasia Review
March 31, 2017
The Irrawady

“What we have seen is hard to believe:” A blog from aid worker in Baidoa, Somalia

International Medical Corps expert explains what he saw when he was part of a fact finding missions to Baidoa in Somalia, in a team to assess the situation and plan for the best way to help the IDPs who have been forced to leave their homes because of drought and hunger

March 31, 2017

How successful were the millennium development goals?

A new study tries to measure the success of the Millennium Development Goals. The research indicates that at least 21 million lives were saved due to accelerated progress. Two-thirds of the lives saved were in sub-Saharan Africa, around a fifth were in China and India and the remainder were spread across the developing world. Between 8.8 to 17.3m of the lives saved were due to faster progress on child mortality; 8.7m due to expanded treatment for HIV Aids, 3.1m due to declines in TB deaths and approximately half a million due to improvements in maternal mortality

March 30, 2017
The Guardian
January 11, 2017
Brookings Institute

41 million people in Nigeria without access to clean water —Water Aid Nigeria

To mark World Water Day, Water Aid Nigeria called for urgent action from the international community and the government to reach the 41m rural people in Nigeria without access to clean water. The organization called on governments to prioritize and fund water, sanitation and hygiene to fulfil fundamental human rights and to build communities’ resilience to extreme weather events and climate change

March 28, 2017
Nigerian Tribune, Nigerian Sun

Drought and War Heighten Threat of Not Just 1 Famine, but 4

The New York Times speaks about ‘another famine tightening its grip on Somalia, but, there also being a real danger that four famines could occur at almost the same time in Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria and Yemen which will endanger more than 20m lives. Finding enough food is only a part of the solution, so water, sanitation, water treatment tablets and hygiene are becoming critical to prevent the large-scale outbreaks of disease from turning from serious to catastrophic in just a small space of time

March 27, 2017
New York Times
March 25, 2017
Asharq Al-Awsat
March 23, 2017
Pulse Nigeria, LA Times

3 out of 5 Ghanaians drink water contaminated by human waste

Three out of every five Ghanaians are said to be drinking water contaminated by human waste, putting them at risk of contracting cholera, dysentery, typhoid and polio, according to David Duncan, CEO of WASH an NGO present in Accra to mark World Water Day

March 22, 2017
MyJoy Online

Nigeria’s Water Bill Could Criminalize Drinking Water For Millions

Around 1-in-10 people in Lagos have access to water which the state utility provides. The rest, some 19m residents, rely on informal water sources, either drilling their own bore holes to drink or fetching water from lakes or rivers. Those who can afford it pay exorbitant amounts to water vendors. So activists are sounding the alarm as the Lagos government has just passed a law to criminalize the extraction of water, including the drilling of boreholes and the purchasing of water from private sellers

March 17, 2017
Huffington Post

23% population still defecates in the open, says report

A little less than a quarter of Pakistan’s population (or 23%) still defecate in the open, according to the latest Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) report by UNICEF and WHO. The report, on safely managed drinking water, reveals Pakistan has missed the sanitation target it set itself and is still within the bracket of countries with lower average coverage

March 12, 2017
Express Tribune