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Tag search: "Smoking"

Promoting health through the life course

Spain's smoking ban tied to drop in preterm and underweight babies

One year after a nationwide ban on smoking in public took effect in Spain, women had significantly fewer premature or underweight infants, a recent study suggests. Researchers examined data on more than 5m babies born in Spain from 2000 to 2013. The study included infants born before any restrictions on public tobacco use, after a 2006 ban covering many workplaces with exceptions in the hospitality industry, and in 2011, after a law curbing tobacco in nearly all public places. The rate of babies born small for their gestational age declined after the partial smoking ban took effect in 2006, and then once more it dropped after the comprehensive ban in 2011. The study authors said second hand smoke exposure during pregnancy is associated with health complications affecting perinatal and neonatal health

May 17, 2017

Parental smoking linked to genetic changes in kids with cancer

Parents who smoke may constitute to the genetic changes in their kids that are associated with the most common type of childhood cancer, a recent study suggests. The study links smoking by both parents to specific genetic changes in tumour cells of children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

April 6, 2017

Study links oral clefts to maternal passive smoking

Use of tobacco can affect pregnant women even if they are not active users. Scientists say women exposed to second hand smoking during pregnancy are more likely to give birth to children with cleft lip or palate, a non-fatal congenital deformity. A new study found that 48% of mothers of children with oral cleft were exposed to second hand smoking compared to 24% of mothers of typical children. The authors of the study say there should be more research done in this field to learn more about this possible link

March 30, 2017
Times of India

Smoking during pregnancy tied to eye damage in kids

When women smoke during pregnancy, or have underweight babies, their children have a greater risk of developing  a type of retina damage, a Danish study suggests

March 8, 2017

Non communicable diseases

Heart attack patients missing out on smoking cessation drugs

For a new study, researchers analysed data on 9,193 smokers who had a heart attack between 2007 and 2013. All were at least 65 years old. Overall, 97 percent of patients were counselled during their hospital stay about smoking cessation, but only 7 percent ended up picking up medications to help achieve that goal within 90 days

July 21, 2017

WHO report finds dramatic increase in life-saving tobacco control policies in last decade

The latest WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic finds that more countries have implemented tobacco control policies, ranging from graphic pack warnings and advertising bans to no smoking areas. About 4.7 billion people – 63% of the world’s population – are covered by at least one comprehensive tobacco control measure, which has quadrupled since 2007 when only 1 billion people and 15% of the world’s population were covered

July 19, 2017
World Health Organization
July 20, 2017
Economic Times
July 19, 2017

Vaping teens more likely to take up regular cigarettes

Adolescents and young adults who try e-cigarettes are more than three times as likely to take up smoking traditional cigarettes as their peers who haven`t tried the devices, a research review suggests. "E-cigarette use among teens and young adults could increase the future burden of tobacco by creating a new generation of adult smokers who might have otherwise not begun smoking," said lead study author Samir Soneji

June 26, 2017

Heart healthy lifestyle tied to lower drug costs

People with heart disease spend a lot less on medications when they take steps to lower their risk of complications by doing things like getting enough exercise, avoiding cigarettes and keeping their blood pressure in check, a U.S. study suggests. For the study, researchers focused on adults diagnosed with the most common type of heart disease, atherosclerosis. When these patients did as much as they could to avoid so-called modifiable risk factors for heart disease - inactivity, obesity, smoking, high cholesterol, elevated blood pressure and diabetes - their total average annual pharmaceutical expenditures were $1,400, the study found. But patients who did little to modify these risk factors had total average annual pharmaceutical expenditures of $4,516

June 21, 2017

Occasional smokers who vape smoke more cigarettes

Tobacco companies have been selling electronic cigarettes as a way to wean smokers off paper cigarettes, but a new study suggests the strategy could backfire. The report in Preventive Medicine found that young adults who occasionally smoked conventional cigarettes smoked more of them if they also used e-cigarettes. “The participants who were vaping ended up using more cigarettes. It’s actually a risk factor for increasing their cigarette use,” lead author Neal Doran said

June 19, 2017

Worldwide, more than 10 percent of young teens are smokers

Roughly 11 percent of youth aged 13 to 15 around the world use tobacco products like cigarettes and cigars, a global survey of students suggests. Tobacco use is the world’s leading cause of preventable death and serious illness, killing an estimated 6 million people each year, researchers note in the youth tobacco report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most smokers take up the habit in their teens

June 16, 2017

U.S. youth tobacco use in 2016 fell by largest amount in 6 years

Youth tobacco use in the United States fell to historic lows in 2016, leading public health experts to speculate that a smoke-free generation may be within reach. The number of middle and high school students who used any tobacco product fell to 3.9 million in 2016 from 4.7 million in 2015, figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show, the first such decline since the CDC began reporting the measure in 2011

June 15, 2017

COPD remains poorly addressed

Rising incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) belies awareness levels about the condition among the masses warranting greater awareness. “Besides smoking, in rural India, COPD is also being increasingly seen among women exposed to biomass cooking fuel. Post tuberculosis treatment, some patients who have not initiated treatment on time also have COPD,” said K. Subhakar, superintendent, Government Chest Hospital, calling for government’s intervention to address lung health, including controlling the availability of cigarettes

June 11, 2017
The Hindu

Lower-income U.S. adults haven't seen heart health gains

Heart health in the US has generally improved since the start of the 21st century, but not for adults living in poverty, a new study suggests. Between 1999 and 2014, high-income people had decreases in rates of high blood pressure, smoking and high risk for heart disease. The same wasn`t true for low-income people, however. The data shows that primary care and prevention is important for people with low incomes, researchers added

June 7, 2017

Kenya launches guidelines to reduce tobacco use

In Kenya recent surveys estimate that there are two and a half million adult tobacco users, which translates to over 13% of the population, and 14% of the population are exposed to second hand smoke at home so these new guidelines provide up-to-date measures for the entire healthcare system to promote the alleviation of tobacco use through offering dependence treatment and cessation services

June 5, 2017

16 pc tobacco-related deaths taking place in India: Survey

A new global study into deaths from 55m deaths per year linked to smoking says that 9m tobacco-related deaths each year occur in India and the number is set to rise higher in the next decade. This number reflects a higher mortality rate than from other diseases such as TB, HIV/Aids and malaria combined

June 2, 2017
The Statesman

Indonesian tobacco bill would open tap for ads aimed at kids, health official says

A proposed Indonesian tobacco law will roll back regulations to discourage smoking in a country that already has one of the highest smoking rates in the world and additionally open the floodgates to advertising aimed at teenagers, a health ministry official said. If the bill is passed companies will no longer have to put grim pictures on cigarette packs of lung cancer or other diseases linked to smoking

June 1, 2017

China struggles to kick world-leading cigarette habit

An estimated 316m people in China, almost a quarter of the population, smoke and concerns are growing about the long-term effects on public health and the economy because a decade long study says 59% of all smokers have no plans to quit. Despite major cities moving to ban public smoking, there has only been a modest cigarette tax increase back in 2015. Rising prosperity makes cigarettes more affordable so low taxes reinforce this and more smoke. There is a sense that China is falling behind due to lobbying by its state-owned tobacco monopoly who wants to postpone efforts to toughen tobacco policies

May 31, 2017

Cigarette taxes touted by WHO as one of the best ways to cut smoking

Tobacco taxes are one of the most effective ways to cut smoking rates, and one that countries are failing to take full advantage of, WHO said, adding, more than 7.2m people die from tobacco related diseases each year, with 80% of them living in low and middle income countries. Imposing an 80% price increase per pack globally could generate an additional $141bn, which would offset to some small degree some of the costs incurred treating people with smoking-related diseases each year

May 30, 2017
June 3, 2017
Business Ghana

How tobacco, death and taxes are intrinsically linked

Tobacco is killing millions of people every year, the Hindustan Times says ‘it is time to connect the dots, improve law enforcement and wean both tobacco cultivators and users away from the product.’ India banned food from being served in smoking areas in all restaurants. Minors will not be allowed in smoking zones, which now need to carry a clear Dante-like warning at the door declaring those entering the fumy room risk health and life. There’s a need for raised taxes and then upgraded regulation and enforcement to crack down on potential smuggling, plus cessation services for smokers

May 27, 2017
Hindustan Times

NHS could save £67 million a year if smoking rates cut

Cancer Research UK said the NHS would save some £67m a year if the UK can cut by half the number of people who smoke. The UK is projected to have a smoking rate of 10% by 2035, with a marked difference between the most deprived groups (15% of whom are expected to smoke) and the wealthiest (whose rate is expected to be just 2.5%). Cutting the rate to 5% nationally by 2035 would save millions in direct NHS and social care costs but also £548m in additional revenue

May 16, 2017
Pharma Times

Smoking only in social situations may still be tied to heart problems

So-called social smokers who only light up on special occasions may have some of the same risks for heart disease as people with a daily cigarette habit, a new U.S. study suggests. Compared with non-smokers, social smokers were more than twice as likely to have high-blood pressure and 53% more likely to have elevated cholesterol than non-smokers. So that worked out at about the same percentage risk as those who were current smokers

May 11, 2017

Smoking weakens a gene that protects arteries: study

New research points to a genetic explanation for how smoking can lead to a plaque build-up that stiffens arteries and causes heart disease, a report in the journal Circulation said. This is one of the first big steps towards solving the complex puzzle of gene-environment interactions that lead to coronary heart disease

May 3, 2017
The Hindu
May 2, 2017
Science Daily

‘8 million Nigerians risk death from smoking’

About 8m Nigerians are estimated to be at risk of dying from smoking by 2030, the Civil Society Legislative Advocacy Centre (CISLAC) warned. Citing WHO statistics and the Nigerian Global Adult Tobacco Survey, they lamented the poor enforcement of the existing Tobacco Control Act 2015 and expressed fear over the growing number of young people taking to smoking  

April 24, 2017
Nigerian Tribune

Global smoking deaths up by 5% since 1990 - study

The percentage of men and women who use tobacco every day has dropped in most nations since 1990, but the total number of smokers and tobacco-related deaths has increased, a consortium of researchers reported. Mortality could rise even higher as tobacco companies aggressively target new markets, particularly in the developing world they warned in a report published in The Lancet

April 5, 2017
Yahoo News Singapore, The Guardian
April 6, 2017
Indian Express

Diabetics more prone to TB: SVIMS study

Diabetes is increasingly becoming a major contributor to TB, worldwide data shows. Epidemiological modelling data suggests 14.8% of all pulmonary TB cases in India and 20% of sputum smear positive cases have diabetes, suggesting it’s a substantial contributor to the burden of TB, in addition to HIV/AIDS, corticosteroid, immune-suppressant drug use and alcoholism

March 25, 2017
The Hindu
March 27, 2017
The Hindu

Indonesia tobacco bill would fire up output despite health fears

Indonesia’s parliament has proposed a draft law that could lead to a sharp increase in tobacco output, in a country which is already a top producer with one of the heaviest rates of smoking in the world. Health Minister, Nila Moeloek, said ‘her ministry definitely opposes the tobacco bill as it has the responsibility to safeguard the health of the people’

March 15, 2017

Communicable diseases

WHO Calls for China's National Ban on Smoking

WHO officials told the Chinese that economic dividends from China’s tobacco industry are a false economy and at odds with the government’s Healthy China 2030 vision. The cost of tobacco use in china in 2014 amounted to a staggering 350bn yuan ($57bn), a tenfold increase since 2000. This increase is due to more people being diagnosed with tobacco-related illnesses and increasing healthcare expenditure. When you factor in productivity losses from premature deaths the figure is even higher, said the UN report

April 16, 2017
Women of China
April 18, 2017
The Sun Daily, China Daily

Senegal - anti-smoking league is partnering with a trade union to highlight the consequences of ...

The Ligue Senegalaise Contre le Tabac (Listab) and the Confederation Nationale des Travailluers du Senegal are building a strong alliance to collaborate in a campaign to spread an anti-smoking, pro-health message throughout the population in northern Senegal

April 6, 2017
Le Soleil Senegal

India must fight TB harder as disease claims 1,400 every day

India continues to struggle to combat the disease with nearly 41% of TB patients in India failing to get adequate treatment causing nearly 5,000 deaths in the country every

March 24, 2017
Hindu Business Line

Tobacco treaty has helped cut smoking rates, but more work needed

A global tobacco treaty put in place in 2005 has helped reduce smoking rates by 2.5% worldwide in 10 years, researchers said, but use of deadly tobacco products could be cut even further with more work on anti-smoking policies. The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control analysis over the last ten years saw those countries which have fully implemented more FCTC measures obtain significantly greater reductions in smoking rates

March 21, 2017

Poor, minority neighborhoods have more tobacco-selling shops per capita

Neighbourhoods in the U.S. which have a high proportion of black residents, or the highest poverty levels, tend to have the greatest density of stores selling cigarettes and tobacco products, researchers say in a new study. Poverty explained some of the link, as did an urban planning concept, which sees a proportion of the homes which are rented versus owned homes accounting for most of the link

March 16, 2017

Business groups, once tobacco-friendly, switch sides in fight

Reuters reports that many local chamber of commerce groups in the United States are ‘switching sides’ when it comes to smoking rules, driven by a growing awareness that smoking drives up healthcare costs for employers and that broader wellness initiatives, such as promoting exercise and nutrition, can improve productivity within the business

February 28, 2017