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Tag search: "TB"

WHO elections

The World Health Assembly in times of Ebola and the election of a new Director General

The News Minute discusses the forthcoming World Health Assembly, the outbreak of Ebola coming just as they are about to meet and the election for the new Director General to lead the WHO. It discusses how the world approached the Ebola crisis last time around and the lessons learnt and Dr David Nabarro’s involvement in helping to find a solution to the Ebola crisis 

May 16, 2017
The News Minute

Promoting health through the life course

Chelsea Clinton on drawbacks of global health funding, WHO slippage and priorities for next

Too tight a concentration of donors with their own individual priorities sometimes means they don’t match the world’s needs. WHO should have an access to information policy and an inspector-general office which reports to WHO board. It should also get outbreak preparedness and response right and support countries’ efforts to reach universal health coverage

May 12, 2017
Financial Times

Preparedness, surveillance and response

Venezuela convertida en foco de enfermedades prevenibles y erradicadas

Venezuela has become the focus of outbreaks of new diseases once believed to be eradicated in the country, and others, which were very treatable, such as TB, malaria, Chagas disease, dengue and diphtheria. Now, due to the decay of its public health system which has all but broken down because of political turmoil, the breakdown of all disease prevention vaccination programmes is just a symptom of this full-scale collapse

July 10, 2017
El Carabobeno

Outbreak hits 24 at Kampong Speu prison

Twenty-four inmates in Kampong Speu’s provincial prison – where five prisoners escaped earlier this week – are reportedly experiencing a combination of respiratory difficulties, coughing, skin rashes and swollen legs. Visiting the prison after the escape, Licadho Provincial Coordinator Ung Somith observed inmates suffering from a variety of ailments, which he described as “swollen legs, lung sickness, cough and skin diseases”. Somith said he could not determine whether the prisoners had tuberculosis but that inmates had trouble breathing

June 23, 2017
Phnom Penh Post

Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention and partners plan new approach to detect and r...

The Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) in collaboration with WHO met with partners in May to plan a new approach to detect and respond to disease outbreaks in Africa. The new approach, called ‘event-based surveillance,’ involves using open source information, such as social media posts, to detect events that might pose a risk to public health. Africa CDC will partner with the World Health Organisation and others to strengthen event-based surveillance in the 18 countries that have already begun using this approach and will work to introduce it in the remaining 37 African countries

June 20, 2017

Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis on the rise in city

Multi Drug Resistant (MDR) Tuberculosis is on the rise in Kolkata and its outskirts at an alarming rate, said doctors who joined a programme organised by Tuberculosis Health Action Learning Initiative (THALI). Statistics say that 2 percent more paediatric TB cases have been reported from the city than the national average. Malnourished children in Bengal are more vulnerable to TB than others. Around 34 percent of children are overweight which also contributes to the increasing number of victims. Dr Sushmita Roy Chowdhury, a lung expert, said that what is alarming is that more children are falling victim to the disease

June 10, 2017
Millenium Post

TB cases up 23% in state in just one year

Despite the Karnataka state government spending large sums on preventative measures, tuberculosis has risen by 23% in the state in just one year. The percentage could even be much higher than this when the number from private hospitals are included. According to revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme figures, the number of registered patients with TB in 2016 was 60,751 up from 49, 396 a year before. Around 900 of the registered patients have been diagnosed with multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB)

June 4, 2017
Deccan Herald

World Health Assembly terms Pakistan a model to respond to disease outbreaks

Pakistan was held up as a model for countries attending the WHA, as the first nation to conduct Joint External Evaluation of Core Capabilities to respond to disease outbreaks and level of preparedness to deal with pandemics

May 21, 2017
The Nation, Pakistan Today

120 Alerted On Tuberculosis Case At UH-Hilo

Hawaiian health authorities notified approximately 120 students and staff members of the University of Hawaii at Hilo campus of possible exposure to a tuberculosis case. The department of health is investigating the case and evaluating potential contacts and possible exposure and people will receive notification as to whether TB testing is recommended

April 12, 2017
Big Island Video News, Khon2.com

Hundreds diagnosed with tuberculosis in Ghazni

Local health officials in Ghazni (Pajhwok) in Afghanistan said that 1,600 people, half of them women, have been diagnosed with TB in southern Ghazni province. Local people have been complaining about an absence of health clinics for some while so the numbers are likely to be far higher

April 11, 2017
Pajhwok News

Panama government failed to notify OIE of a bovine outbreak for four months

Panamanian government health officials were called out by the press for not formally notifying the OIE of an outbreak of bovine tuberculosis, which could put at risk both public health but also lead to restrictions on meat exports from the country. The government sat on the information for four weeks, claiming they were waiting to receive all the phyto-sanitary paperwork before doing so

April 11, 2017
La Prensa

MINSA says there is no phytosanitary alert for bovine TB in milk in Chiriqui province

There were also reports that Panamanian health authorities in the province of Chiriqui have withdrawn milk products from supermarkets which contained evidence of bovine TB from the province of Chiriqui. MINSA said it was due to problems with the systems of pasteurization and said people were spreading false rumours

April 10, 2017
La Estrella, Critica Panama
April 11, 2017
Metro Libre

There are more than 1,000 cases of dengue in Formosa hidden by the provincial government

An Argentine parliamentarian, Martin Hernandez, said ‘there are more than 1000 cases of confirmed dengue fever in Formosa,’ which he feels the provincial government is hiding, and he says ‘it is criminal as it stops medical help from getting to them’

April 8, 2017
El Sol
April 7, 2017
Diario El Comercial

Ceuta, Melilla y Galicia registran las tasas más altas de tuberculosis

Ceuta, Melilla and Galicia record the highest number of cases of tuberculosis in Spain. Around 100,000 people in Spain are infected with TB each year, but more than 80% of them are never diagnosed. About seven out of every 100,000 people living on the Canary Islands have tuberculosis. Spain is among the list of those countries with most cases of TB in the European Union, registering, on average, 13 new cases every day

March 21, 2017
El Medico Interactivo, TeInteresa, Noticanarias
March 23, 2017
La Opinion
March 21, 2017
La Informacion, La Verdad de Ceuta

Fight against Tuberculosis spread far from over in PNG

The media confirmed that the fight against the spread of tuberculosis in PNG is far from over. There is an outbreak of TB inside the Poli Santa Teresa prison in Venezuela. A case of TB has been confirmed in Copiapo in Chile. In Colombia, the city of Manizales has confirmed another 60 patients have TB with a further 21 already diagnosed

March 21, 2017
March 20, 2017
Diario la Voz
March 22, 2017
El Quehay decierto, EJE21
March 20, 2017

Tuberculosis deaths fall in Europe

The number of people developing and dying from TB in Europe is falling, but among the vulnerable, including migrants, prisoners and people who are HIV positive, there are still worrying increases, the new data shows. The Times of India announced the number of TB cases in Aurangebed is on the rise, with the Herald Goa reporting that TB is now a bigger cause of mortality worldwide than malaria and AIDS combined. Ghana reported that it saw more cases of TB in 2016 (14,632) than in 2015 when it had 9,714 cases

March 20, 2017
March 17, 2017
Times of India
March 18, 2017
March 17, 2017

Study discovers new TB strain in SA

A new study has found that two thirds of patients with extensive drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) have incurable TB. XDR-TB is resistant to four key TB antibiotics and TB is the leading cause of death in South Africa among both men and women 

February 28, 2017

Non communicable diseases

How do we choose who gets the flu vaccine in a pandemic – paramedics, prisoners or the public?...

The Conversation blog discusses how policymakers need to have functioning plans in place for a pandemic so they able to take critical decision, such as which parts of society get vaccinated, as a priority and which parts do not, so that health authorities ensure structured planning to manage and overcome a pandemic

May 23, 2017
The Conversation

'Macho' players need help fighting mental health issues: Gascoigne

Former England footballer Paul Gascoigne, who has spent several spells in rehab battling alcohol and drug addiction, called for more help for players dealing with stress-related issues. He said soccer’s macho culture often deterred players who are constantly in the public limelight from seeking help. “You look at the Everton player who has just been sectioned and realise there are lots of people who have got everything but inside they don’t share enough”

May 9, 2017

Diabetics more prone to TB: SVIMS study

Diabetes is increasingly becoming a major contributor to TB, worldwide data shows. Epidemiological modelling data suggests 14.8% of all pulmonary TB cases in India and 20% of sputum smear positive cases have diabetes, suggesting it’s a substantial contributor to the burden of TB, in addition to HIV/AIDS, corticosteroid, immune-suppressant drug use and alcoholism

March 25, 2017
The Hindu
March 27, 2017
The Hindu

People with type 2 diabetes need to get off their chairs

People with Type 2 diabetes who sit all day have a riskier blood fat mixture than those who move around or exercise periodically throughout the day, according to researchers in Australia. Breaking up sitting reduces the levels of lipids in the bloodstream that are associated with type 2 diabetes and its complications

March 24, 2017
March 25, 2017
Business Standard

'Greater focus on research in multi-drug resistant TB needed'

The Indian Society for Clinical Research said it believed there needs to be a greater focus on research into multi-drug resistant TB. This will lead to the development of innovative treatments for drug-resistant TB and reduce India’s healthcare cost burden and save lives

March 22, 2017
Times of India

FT Health: Global Fund’s Oscars moment, EU health commissioner, antibiotic alert

Last week, the board of the world’s largest multilateral donor to tackle infectious diseases issued a deeply embarrassing statement that it was restarting the selection process for its new director

March 3, 2017
Financial Times

TB, Diabetes leading causes of natural deaths in 2015 - Stats SA

The leading underlying natural causes of death among South Africans in 2015 were tuberculosis and diabetes, Statistics South Africa said in a report

February 28, 2017

Health systems

Doctors, nurses must undergo tuberculosis screening to work

Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said newly employed doctors and nurses would have to go through tuberculosis screening within a month of starting work starting in September. KCDC will impose a fine of 2 million won ($1,770) on medical staffs who do not receive tuberculosis screening within a month of employment. The state agency also issued a recommendation for medical workers that come in contact with newborns to wear masks

July 20, 2017
Korea Biomedical Review

The poison in your cabinet: Kenya’s fake drugs scourge

Criminals are smuggling all manner of medicine, most of it fake, into Kenya, putting millions of people at a huge risk of poisoning. The global health entity estimates that about 100,000 deaths a year in Africa are linked to the counterfeit drug trade. The International Policy Network estimates that, globally, 700,000 deaths a year are caused by fake malaria and tuberculosis drugs

July 3, 2017
Daily Nation

5000 Queensland babies on waiting list for tuberculosis vaccine

Just a year after the Queensland Government introduced its “no jab, no play” policy in a bid to combat anti-vaxxers, it has emerged 5000 of the state’s children are on a waiting list for a tuberculosis vaccine. A chronic global shortage of the Bacille Calmette Guerin vaccine meant it was unavailable in Australia for all of 2016 and health authorities are struggling to clear the backlog, leaving thousands of children without defence to the wasting disease once known as consumption

June 24, 2017

Trump’s Proposed Budget Cuts Trouble Bioterrorism Experts

One aspect of the nation’s defence under Donald Trump’s proposed budget cuts which would put the US at risk is the slashing of the budgets of government bodies which protect the nation from deadly pathogens, man-made or natural. Agencies tasked with biosecurity would be severely hit: The Office for Public Health Preparedness and Response, which tracks the outbreaks of disease (cut by 9.7%), the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, a branch that fights threats like anthrax and Ebola (cut by 11%), the CDC’s Center for Global Health (cut by 18%) – experts in biological threats are reacting with alarm

May 28, 2017
New York Times

Why India should use private pharmacies in its war on tuberculosis

India has over 850,000 private pharmacies or chemists nationwide, yet only nine percent of them have been engaged in efforts to control tuberculosis, according to a January 2017 paper published in the Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice and Policy. Despite making drugs and treatment free for TB since 1997, nearly 2.2m people, or around 50% of TB patients sought treatment in the private sector, according to a Nov 20th study in The Lancet

April 4, 2017
Economic Times

Zimbabwe's struggling health system leans on unsung heroines

As Zimbabwe’s health service has buckled amid low levels of public funding and a government freeze on hiring medical staff, volunteers have stepped up to take the strain. Home-based carers can be found across Bulawayo, where they work with local clinics to monitor TB and HIV patients making sure they take their medicine as prescribed

March 1, 2017

Communicable diseases

10 die of TB every day in Delhi, finds NGO

At least 10 people die every day in Delhi of tuberculosis, a curable disease, exposing a huge healthcare deficit in the national capital. Nearly 47% of the deaths are of people in the productive age group of 15 to 44 years. This data, an average of TB deaths in 2014 and 2015, was accessed by NGO Praja Foundation through RTI applications in all municipal and state government-run hospitals. "The actual number of deaths due to TB in Delhi could be much higher. Our data is based on deaths reported by hospitals which constitute only about 60% of all deaths,” the NGO said

July 27, 2017
Times Of India, India Times, Business Standard

Genetic variation linked to greater tuberculosis susceptibility

Researchers have shown that a single nucleotide change in a gene that affects production of hepcidin--a peptide involved in inflammation, immunity, and control of iron levels--is associated with greater susceptibility to extra-pulmonary tuberculosis

July 21, 2017
liebertpub.com, News-Medical.net

New Cornell discovery could lead to effective treatment for tuberculosis

The mechanisms of how Mtb bacteria assimilate the host`s fatty acids have remained a mystery until now. Using a genetic screen, scientists identified genes involved in cholesterol metabolism. This identified the gene LucA. Further work determined that LucA interacts with subunits of specific proteins in the Mce1 and Mce4 complexes, which import fatty acids and cholesterol, respectively

July 7, 2017
News Medical

Undersea life holds promise for killing tuberculosis

The UCF team screened 4,400 chemical extracts derived from extracts of sponges and other marine organisms to see if they could kill the dormant tuberculosis bacteria. "To our knowledge this is the largest marine natural product screening on TB and the only one that focused on dormant bacteria," the team said. The team identified 26 compounds that were active against replicating tuberculosis bacteria, 19 killed dormant bacteria including seven that were active against both

July 6, 2017
Science Daily, Infection Control Today

WHO's Recommended Treatment To Tackle Tuberculosis Not Yet Implemented

India may be sitting on the edge of yet another tuberculosis epidemic. India accounts for 2.8 million of the 10.4 million new tuberculosis cases globally, according to the World Health Organisation Global TB Report 2016. WHO revised its estimates in 2016 after improved surveillance data from India and found a 34% spike in new cases. Amongst this the cases for Multi Drug Resistant TB have also risen

July 6, 2017

New report reveals that countries are still not tackling tuberculosis

The third edition `Out of Step’ report published by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and Stop TB has highlighted the need for governments to increase efforts to combat tuberculosis. India has not taken up this challenge and the molecular test is not the initial TB diagnostic test for adults and children being investigated for TB here, the Out of Step report has said. Smear microscopy is often used as the initial diagnostic test in the private sector, where up to 70% of people are treated - and delays in diagnosis and treatment initiation are common

July 5, 2017
Indian Express, MSF.org

Nigeria adopts shorter treatment for drug-resistant Tuberculosis

Nigeria has adopted a new regimen that reduces the time required for the treatment of multi-drug-resistant TB from 20 months to about nine months.The Minister of Health, Isaac Adewole, flagged off the regimen when he commissioned the first extensive drug-resistant Tuberculosis ward and fully-equipped MDR ward at the University College Hospital, UCH, in Ibadan, Oyo State

July 4, 2017
Premium Times
July 7, 2017
TV 360 Nigeria

Govt lacks tools to stem virus infection cases: Health officials

At a time when viruses like the H1N1, malaria, influenza and dengue are on the rise, the Mumbai government is lacking the tools to combat them and is yet to design a vaccination plan to fight them. Health officials have also said that there is no proper awareness campaign in place either to educate people about the spread and effect of these deadly viruses, which is on the rise in the city due to temperature fluctuations brought by intermittent rainfall. Officials said viral infections have claimed nearly 2,500 lives in the state, most as a result of dengue and malaria. Viral infections are now proliferating in addition to tuberculosis (TB) and AIDS in the state’s list of top contagious killer diseases, they added

June 25, 2017
Asian Age

Malnutrition, lack of hygiene add to Tuberculosis risk

Tuberculosis spreads faster in packed settings and the transmission of the disease is high in large crowds if a person infected with TB is a part of it. The burden of TB in India is 2.2 million which is the largest and its spread has to be controlled to tackle the disease. The Indian Council of Medical Research is looking at these aspects at the ground level as reports show that the disease burden continues to be high, despite various interventions by the government to control it. Congregate settings have been known to be a high risk environment for TB due to overcrowding, poor levels of nutrition and lack of hygienic conditions in their work environment. These factors add to the spread of the disease and tackling them by identifying the people early will help, experts say

June 25, 2017
Deccan Chronicle

Newly discovered antibiotic could help treat drug-resistant tuberculosis

A newly discovered antibiotic, produced by bacteria from a cystic fibrosis patient, could be used to treat cases of drug-resistant tuberculosis. The team discovered that one particular species, Burkholderia gladioli, which was isolated from the sputum of a child with cystic fibrosis, produces a new antibiotic they called gladiolin. This compound is similar in structure to another antibiotic that has been investigated for its ability to jam bacterial cell machinery, but gladiolin is much more stable and could therefore potentially be a better drug candidate. Further lab testing also showed that this antibiotic blocked the growth of four drug-resistant TB strains

June 24, 2017
News Medical

Threadworm infection can lead to active TB

A new study reveals that worm infection might be one of the major risk factors for individuals with latent tuberculosis infection to develop the active disease. The study was carried out in individuals with latent TB co-infected with intestinal worms (Strongyloides stercoralis). The exact cause of antibody increase is not yet fully understood; but the study was able to provide an evidence of a significant association of worm infection with modulation of B cell function

June 24, 2017
The Hindu

Critical gaps in knowledge of where infectious diseases occur

The scientific journal Nature Ecology & Evolution has published a joint statement from scientists at the University of Copenhagen and North Carolina State University calling attention to a serious lack of data on the worldwide distribution of disease-causing organisms. Without this data, predicting where and when the next disease outbreak will emerge is inhibited. Macroecologists have the expertise to create the needed data network and close the knowledge gaps. We know less about where disease-causing organisms occur than the global distribution of most mammals, birds and even ants. Without this basic knowledge, it is very hard to predict if, for instance, certain bacteria or parasites transmitted via mosquitoes or other bloodsucking insects are likely to spread or not, and what measures we must take in order to prevent this

June 23, 2017
June 22, 2017
Science Daily

Ukraine's fight against TB is at risk from USAID cuts

A United States Agency for International Development-funded digital health program to help Ukraine manage its growing drug-resistant tuberculosis epidemic is a textbook example of effective foreign aid, according to health experts who worked on the project — but the country’s fight against the disease is now at risk from looming cuts to U.S. development aid. Ukraine has the second-highest TB burden in Europe, and one of the highest estimated numbers of multidrug resistant TB, or MRD-TB, cases in the world

June 6, 2017

Video: India's battle against 'superbugs'

France24 looks briefly back at the case of NDM-1 and its various mutations which spread to over 70 countries while authorities argued over its name. It points out India was losing nearly 52,000 newborn infants to antibiotic resistance each year. It emphasized how easy it is to buy antibiotics over the counter in any pharmacy in India and the urgent need to educate people about antibiotic resistance and its dangers

May 19, 2017

Many U.S. daycare centers may lack plans for pandemic flu

Fewer that one in 10 US day care centre directors have taken concrete steps to prepare for a pandemic flu outbreak, a recent study suggests. Pandemic influenza is different from seasonal influenza. It is a novel virus which transmits from person to person and to which most of the world’s population has no immunity

May 15, 2017

Nine SE European countries to sign well-being agreement

Nine south-eastern European countries are set to sign a new, far-reaching cooperation pledge to continue improving the health and well-being of their populations. The South-Eastern Europe Health Network has made visible progress to the health status of participating countries. Infant mortality decreased significantly in all nine countries and halved in some. This collaboration arrangement in public health has provided a platform to identify and address common challenges

April 5, 2017
Post Online Media

Positive signs as Asia-Pacific moves towards SDGs

Dr Shamshad Akhtar, under-secretary general of the UN and executive secretary of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia Pacific, praised the efforts made by Asia Pacific nations to push ahead with the implementation of the 17 SDGs. She highlighted the domestication of the action plan by these countries, many of whom have developed a national sustainable development strategy, as a particular success. She picked out progress on gender equality in primary education and maternal mortality rates which are down, except for isolated pockets

April 3, 2017
The Phnom Penh Post
April 2, 2017
Malay Mail
April 3, 2017
Eurasia Review
March 31, 2017
The Irrawady

How successful were the millennium development goals?

A new study tries to measure the success of the Millennium Development Goals. The research indicates that at least 21 million lives were saved due to accelerated progress. Two-thirds of the lives saved were in sub-Saharan Africa, around a fifth were in China and India and the remainder were spread across the developing world. Between 8.8 to 17.3m of the lives saved were due to faster progress on child mortality; 8.7m due to expanded treatment for HIV Aids, 3.1m due to declines in TB deaths and approximately half a million due to improvements in maternal mortality

March 30, 2017
The Guardian
January 11, 2017
Brookings Institute

Tuberculosis: Experts blame disease spread on recession, malnutrition

Experts said the high incidence of tuberculosis among rural and city slum dwellers in Nigeria can be blamed, in some part, on the economic recession in the country. The experts also identified malnutrition as a key factor in reducing a TB patient’s chances of surviving treatment. Health professionals said ‘there is a need to focus more on TB screening and treatment as more Nigerians have lesser access to good meals which boost immunity against infection

March 29, 2017
Punch Nigeria

SA holds the key in curing multi-drug resistant TB

South Africa is one of the hardest hit countries by tuberculosis (TB), with more than 450 000 new cases reported each year - new radio interview

March 25, 2017
March 22, 2017
March 24, 2017
Hindustan Times
March 23, 2017
March 24, 2017
March 26, 2017
Daily Star Bangladesh
March 27, 2017
Guardian Nigeria

India must fight TB harder as disease claims 1,400 every day

India continues to struggle to combat the disease with nearly 41% of TB patients in India failing to get adequate treatment causing nearly 5,000 deaths in the country every

March 24, 2017
Hindu Business Line

Russia Doesn’t Want Anyone to Know About Its HIV Epidemic

In 2015, the number of HIV cases detected in Russia bypassed 1m. According to the latest government data, 103,000 new cases were detected in 2016 alone. But given that only 20% of the population is tested, epidemiologists estimate that the real number of people infected is closer to 1.5m. In a country with a population of 143m, this is enough to declare an epidemic, according to WHO criteria. Even though several regional governments have spoken about an ongoing HIV/AIDS crisis, the federal government continues to deny complete reality

March 24, 2017

Tuberculosis Critical Group of Bacteria, needs new Antibiotics ─ TB Alliance tells WHO

WHO was urged to add Mycobacterium tuberculosis to its crisis in new antibiotics critical group list, as groups say the world needs urgent research and development to combat drug-resistant TB bacteria. Campaigners told WHO TB is the world’s deadliest infectious disease, killing 1.8m people each year, and R&D investment into solutions are critically underfunded

March 1, 2017
Africa Science News
February 28, 2017

Why Europe should lead on fight against disease

Renate Baehr, executive director of the Deutsche Stiftung Weltbevolkerung, wrote an Op Ed for Politico Europe, in which she argued that ‘the rise of Donald Trump and Brexit have made European action on disease control more important than ever and that the Bloc needs to fill the U.S. power vacuum as it steadily withdraws’

February 23, 2017