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Tag search: "Vaccination"

WHO elections

World Immunization Week: Vaccines No.1 Public Health Tool

Dr David Nabarro is quoted in an article on vaccines as the No1 public health tool, as part of World Immunization Week 

April 23, 2017
Voice of America, Cantech Letter

Promoting health through the life course

France to make vaccination mandatory from 2018 as it is 'unacceptable children are still dying o...

Parents in France will be legally obliged to vaccinate their children from 2018, the government has announced. French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe said it was “unacceptable” that children are "still dying of measles” in the country where some of the earliest vaccines were pioneered. Three childhood vaccines, for diphtheria, tetanus and polio, are currently mandatory in France. Others, including those against hepatitis and whooping cough, are simply recommended

July 5, 2017
The Independent
July 7, 2017
July 5, 2017

‘Low immunisation behind high infant mortality rate’

Pakistan has the highest infant mortality rate in South Asia because of the low rate of immunization and vaccination coverage. With about 56% of the country covered, almost half the children in the country are simply not immunized, according to an expert from the Pakistan Paediatric Association

April 30, 2017
Dawn, News International, Nation, Business Recorder
April 29, 2017
Pakistan Today

‘Overemphasis on polio hampering fight against other diseases’

The Pakistan Paediatric Association (PPAP) said that thousands of children in Sindh are dying of vaccine-preventable diseases because the state health authorities are over-emphasizing the fight against polio and neglecting the equally important fight against other vaccine preventable diseases

April 26, 2017
The News Pakistan

HPV vaccination during pregnancy shows no ill effects

New evidence from a Danish nationwide study suggests that Merck’s quadrivalent papillomavirus vaccine (HPV), marketed as Gardasil, is not dangerous in the unusual case when it is inadvertently given during early pregnancy

March 30, 2017

Preparedness, surveillance and response

Polio outbreak in Syria poses vaccination dilemma for WHO

Vaccinating too few children in Syria against polio because the six-year-old war there makes it difficult to reach them risks causing more cases in the future, the World Health Organization said, posing a dilemma after a recent outbreak. Vaccinating even 50 percent of the estimated 90,000 children aged under 5 in the Mayadin area of Deir al-Zor would probably not be enough to stop the outbreak and might actually sow the seeds for the next outbreak, WHO`s Oliver Rosenbauer said. Immunisation rates need to be closer to 80 percent to have maximum effect and protect a population, he told a briefing

June 9, 2017
June 10, 2017
New Delhi Times

Imams in U.S. take on the anti-vaccine movement during Ramadan

Somali-American children in Minnesota had a vaccination rate of 92% in 2004, higher than the state average, but that has dropped to 42% leaving the children vulnerable to the disease. Health officials say there have been 8,250 exposures in day care centres, schools, hospitals and clinics. There are 68 confirmed cases, most of them unvaccinated preschool children. A significant number were hospitalised. Last year the U.S. had 70 cases in total

May 26, 2017
Washington Post, Twin Cities

As Ebola outbreak grows, question of using vaccine becomes more urgent

As health officials and aid workers head to a remote corner of the DRC to respond to an outbreak of Ebola a key question remains: will the government authorize the use of a promising experimental vaccine? The vaccine had stunning results in a clinical trial in Guinea in 2015, but it has yet to be licensed for broader use. Science Insider spoke to Marie-Paul Kieny, a WHO assistant director who oversaw the agency’s response to the Ebola epidemic in West Africa 2014-16 and asked her about whether the vaccine will be used

May 18, 2017

No vaccine roll out in DRC yet despite new Ebola infections

WHO said it is working with specialists to conduct an epidemiological investigation to better understand the extent of the current outbreak and to establish who is at risk of becoming infected with Ebola. Therefore its experts have not yet decided whether to use newly developed vaccines to try to contain the outbreak in the DRC, but officials are making preparations just in case 

May 15, 2017
Business Day

Death toll rises to 489 in Nigeria meningitis outbreak

A Nigerian health official said Wednesday that a suspected 489 people have died during the latest meningitis outbreak to hit the country. At least five northern states have been affected by the epidemic over the last five months. As of now, there have been 4,637 suspected cases from which the fatalities came

April 12, 2017
Daily Sabah, ABC news

85 swine flu deaths in Maharashtra in 2017, up from 25 in 2016

The number of H1N1 deaths has significantly increased on last year. A total of 85 deaths from H1N1 have been reported in the state since January, compared to 25 in 2016. Of the 410 H1N1 cases since January, most are from Pune, Nashik and Aurangabad

April 6, 2017
Hindustan Times
April 5, 2017
The Times of India

Nigeria to launch meningitis jab campaign as death toll jumps to 336

Nigeria is launching a mass vaccination campaign as part of its emergency response to an outbreak of meningitis in its north-western states as the death toll climbed to 336, with the number of suspected cases hitting 2,997, which represents 1,000 more than at the beginning of last week

April 4, 2017
April 5, 2017
The Citizen

Chelsea Clinton praises Sanders for Zika op-ed

Senator Bernie Sanders heavily criticized Sanofi in an NYT Opinion Editorial, noting the firm has already received $43m from the government to develop a Zika vaccine and it is now expected to receive a further $130m. Senator Sanders said ‘if Trump approves this deal, Sanofi will be able to charge whatever astronomical price it likes for its vaccine.’ Chelsea Clinton praised Bernie Sanders’ article in a tweet

March 11, 2017
The Hill
March 13, 2017
Huffington Post
March 10, 2017
New York Times
March 11, 2017
Washington Examiner

WHO expands vaccination advice as yellow fever covers southeast Brazil state

WHO is toughening up its vaccination advice for Brazil, as yellow fever is now a risk across the entire Brazilian state of Espirito Santo. There are growing concerns the virus could spread to urban centres like Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Belo Horizonte and Vitoria, where millions live and the virus could start spreading in a human-to-human cycle via the Aedes aegypti mosquito. After seeing its twentieth death from yellow fever, Espirito Santo has been sent 500,000 doses of vaccination. The state of Minas Gerais reported that 105 people have died from yellow fever so far. Belo Horizonte confirmed that it has seen several monkeys who have contracted the disease and died

March 7, 2017
Reuters, Reuters, G1.Globo.com, Agencia Brasil, Infobae, DCI.com, G1.Globo.com, G1.Globo.com

Non communicable diseases

German court favors vaccination of child in parents' dispute

Germany’s highest court ruled on Tuesday that a father could have his child vaccinated, according to a schedule recommended by authorities, even though the mother of the girl is opposed. The decision comes as government and health organizations in Europe try to reverse a fall in vaccination rates that has led to outbreaks of highly contagious and potentially deadly diseases such as measles

May 23, 2017

Health systems

Italy set for compulsory measles vaccinations

Italian lawmakers are expected to give their final nod to a mass compulsory vaccination program for children under the age of 17. It`s part of a government response to a measles outbreak that has claimed three lives since the start of the year. The new law makes it compulsory to vaccinate minors against 10 diseases, including measles, rubella, whooping cough, Hib, mumps and chickenpox

July 28, 2017

Romania to pass vaccination law to deal with immunization gaps

Romania needs to pass a vaccination law and overhaul medical services to prevent the spread of a measles outbreak that has already claimed 32 deaths, the most of any European country, the health ministry said. Vaccination rules are being tightened across Europe, where a decline in immunization has caused a spike in diseases such as measles, chicken pox and mumps. In Romania, the ministry said 224,202 children aged 9 months to 9 years had yet to be vaccinated against measles

July 27, 2017

Just 150 more cases of measles could cost the US $2.1 million

Researchers analyzed data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and estimated what could happen if vaccination rates keep dropping. Right now, 93 percent of kids ages two to 11 in the US are vaccinated against measles, mumps, and rubella. If that number dropped by 5 percent, it would lead to 150 more cases of measles. This might not sound like a lot, but it is actually a three-fold increase compared to the number of cases that exist now, and it could cost over $2 million from local and state public health institutions

July 24, 2017
The Verge

Ceaseless Middle East wars forcing change in approach to medical care

The ICRC warned that drawn-out crisis which are plaguing the Middle East could lead to the total collapse of health systems. One example is the disruption to vaccinations. As the children will not be vaccinated, diseases previously thought to be eradicated will simply re-emerge. Resistance to antibiotics because of drug usage in excess of prescribed limits has accelerated. Infections have spread as war has destroyed sanitation and clean water systems and triggered chaotic population movements 

May 16, 2017

Traditional ruler appeals to government for CSM vaccine

The head of the Kpaduma community has called on the Nigerian government to make cerebrospinal meningitis vaccine available in the community in order to avoid the spread of the disease. Malam Fajemi Jariyi made this plea in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria in Abuja. He urged community members to visit health facilities for any ailment and to not rely on self-medication when they noticed any health challenges and to get their children immunized against polio

May 9, 2017
Tribune Online

Rumours hit immunisation programme in Haryana's Muslim-dominated Mewat

Harayana’s Muslim-dominated Mewat district has the lowest immunisation rate among children under the age of 6, which is a matter of concern to health authorities who are trying to rope in clerics to address the situation. The immunization there is 13%, much lower than the state average of 62.2%, according to the National Family Health Survey. Officials say rumours about vaccines having a sterilizing effect on children are part of the reason for lower numbers

May 4, 2017
New Indian Express
May 3, 2017
Outlook India

Half of children born in Ho are not immunised – Dr. Djokoto

Dr Djokoto, Municipal Director of the Ghana Health Services, said although diseases such as polio and measles have been eradicated, the Ho Municipal authorities were sitting on a health time bomb and risked seeing outbreaks once again due to negligence. He said vaccinations were vital in warding off diseases and charged local health authorities to take the immunisation programme seriously and improve public sensitization of health risks

May 2, 2017
News Ghana

US will run out of yellow fever vaccine by 'mid 2017' warns report

The country’s Centre for Disease Control and Prevention warned that it expected a complete depletion of yellow fever vaccine available for the immunization of U.S. travellers by mid-2017.’ According to the CDC report, the only U.S. approved vaccination had experienced manufacturing problems which has led to the shortage

April 30, 2017
UK News Yahoo
April 28, 2017
April 30, 2017
International Business Times
April 28, 2017
Voice of America

Nigeria records short supply of Tuberculosis vaccine as Kaduna hosts 7th Africa vaccination week...

Nigeria is in need of more tuberculosis vaccine: Kaduna state health authorities said they have all vaccines in stock except the Bacilus Calmette-Guerin vaccine which is primarily used against tuberculosis

April 29, 2017
News Express

Scarcity of meningitis vaccine persists as epidemic worsens

Nigeria may not be able to get enough vaccines to prevent the spread and fatality of the ongoing Cerebro Spinal Meningitis type C. Nigeria urgently needs 1.3m doses of the vaccine for this strain but has taken delivery of only 500,000 doses. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), most vaccines currently being used for meningitis C outbreaks in Africa are polysaccharide vaccines, which are in short supply, as they are being phased out in other parts of the world, and the more effective and long-lasting conjugate vaccines, however, are not readily accessible for outbreak response in the region

April 17, 2017
Guardian Nigeria

Govt apathy hits vaccine unit

India’s only Yellow Fever vaccine manufacturing unit at the Central Research Institute in Kasauli has been shut for the last five years, even as the government continues to import the critical vaccine. While production at the unit was halted on the grounds of poor manufacturing practice, over the years the government has done precious little to upgrade the unit. The CRI was one of three public sector vaccine manufacturing units that were shut in 2008

April 3, 2017
Deccan Herald

Polio vaccine in short supply in private hospitals

The Hindu says that the polio vaccine is in short supply in private hospitals in Hyderabad. After India’s switch to bivalent oral polio vaccine from trivalent oral polio vaccine, there has been a global shortage of IPV

April 3, 2017
The Hindu

How poor vaccine supply systems put thousands of Kenyans at risk

Outdated vaccine supply and distribution systems are delaying and limiting the impact of vaccines, placing the health of millions of people at risk, according to new articles published in Vaccine Journal. One in every three countries in the world experiences at least one stockout of at least one vaccine for at least one month, while 19-38% of vaccines worldwide are accidentally exposed to freezing temperatures, potentially compromising the potency of the vaccines

April 2, 2017
The Star Kenya

Communicable diseases

1 in 10 Babies Received No Vaccinations in 2016

Nearly one in 10 infants worldwide, or 12.9 million, received no vaccinations in 2016, the WHO said. Those infants missed the critical first dose of the triple vaccination against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis. An additional 6.6 million infants who received the first dose didn`t receive the other two doses in the three-dose series last year. "Since 2010, the percentage of children who received their full course of routine immunizations has stalled at 86 percent, with no significant changes in any countries or regions during the past year," WHO said. "This falls short of the global immunization coverage target of 90 percent"

July 17, 2017
VOA News.com, Newsweek, CIDRAP

Meningitis shot also offers some defence against gonorrhoea, study finds

Researchers studying a mass vaccination campaign against meningitis have found a surprising side effect - the shots also offered moderate protection against gonorrhoea. The findings, published in The Lancet medical journal, mark the first time an immunization has shown any protection against gonorrhoea and point to new avenues in the search for a gonorrhoea vaccine, scientists said

July 11, 2017
July 12, 2017

Govt lacks tools to stem virus infection cases: Health officials

At a time when viruses like the H1N1, malaria, influenza and dengue are on the rise, the Mumbai government is lacking the tools to combat them and is yet to design a vaccination plan to fight them. Health officials have also said that there is no proper awareness campaign in place either to educate people about the spread and effect of these deadly viruses, which is on the rise in the city due to temperature fluctuations brought by intermittent rainfall. Officials said viral infections have claimed nearly 2,500 lives in the state, most as a result of dengue and malaria. Viral infections are now proliferating in addition to tuberculosis (TB) and AIDS in the state’s list of top contagious killer diseases, they added

June 25, 2017
Asian Age

Nsanje children scrambling for integrated Measles Rubella vaccine

A campaign which is underway across Malawi, aiming to reduce measles and rubella incidents, is targeting children born after the previous measles campaign, vaccinating those who were missed during routine immunization, covering children inadequately covered by routine immunization and vaccinating those who never had measles-rubella vaccine

June 16, 2017
Nyasa Times

Pfizer to help raise awareness around infectious diseases in the UAE

Pfizer has linked up with the government of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to improve awareness around infectious diseases. The joint initiative aims to highlight how such diseases can be prevented and combated while also looking at promoting vaccination programs. The scope of the agreement also covers ‘medical professional training as an effective strategy to identify and implement preventive measures and minimize risk exposure’

June 13, 2017
Healthcare Global, Trade Arabia, Albawaba

Anti-vaxxers don’t just put their own kids at risk, they imperil all

Mullumbimby has the lowest vaccination rates in Australia: the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare has revealed the hippie hotspot has a vaccination rate of just 52 per cent, lower than any Third World country and shockingly far below the 95pc needed for herd immunity. That is why the town, and the schools, are awash with whooping cough. The one in two parents who do vaccinate their kids also end up with sick kids because the vaccine is not 100 per cent effective — it relies on herd immunity. That’s why the region has nine times the rate of whooping cough of nearby Primary Health Networks

June 10, 2017
Daily Telegraph Australia

Doctor's call to 'equally protect' boys with HPV vaccine

A doctor is calling for boys to receive a vaccine currently only given to girls to protect against cancer. The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) jab is offered to teenage girls in the UK to protect against cervical cancer. A health committee was expected to meet later to review whether boys should also get the jab, which can protect against throat and penile cancers. Dr Kirsty Bonney, from Devon, paid privately for her sons to be immunised. She made the decision after working on a chemotherapy unit, where she looked after two young men with HPV-related throat cancers

June 7, 2017

Botched anti-measles campaign kills 15 children in South Sudan

At least 15 died in South Sudan in early May after health workers vaccinating them against measles used the same syringe without sterilizing it, the health minister said, about 300 children were vaccinated on May 2-5 in Nacholdokopele village in Eastern Equatoria state, another 32 recovered after falling ill with symptoms which included fever, vomiting and diarrhoea. The team that vaccinated the children in this tragic event were neither qualified no trained for the immunization campaign, the minister said

June 2, 2017
Reuters, BBC, New York Times

Let yellow fever vaccination process be transparent

The Ugandan ministry of health said it has started issuing new standardised yellow fever vaccination cards as a measure to avert forgeries. The ministry is offering the first 50,000 certificates for free but after that there may be a cost for the certificates. The paper calls for this certification process to be transparent and credible and the government should educate the public on the process, it should be about eliminating haemorrhagic fever not enriching clinic owners and a few unscrupulous officials

May 29, 2017
Daily Monitor, AllAfrica.com

German kindergartens must report parents for refusing vaccine advice under new law

Germany will pass a law next week obliging kindergartens to inform the authorities if parents fail to provide evidence they have received advice from their doctor on vaccinating their children, the health ministry said. Parents refusing the advice risk fines of up to 2,500 Euros under the law expected to come into force on June 1st. Vaccination rules are being tightened across Europe, where a decline in immunization has caused a spike in diseases such as measles, chicken pox and mumps, according to the ECDC

May 26, 2017

Periodistas evalúan impacto de vacuna contra el dengue

Latin American journalists were invited by Sanofi Pasteur Labs to come and hear all about the findings of a dengue vaccine test in Parana, where each person was to have a jab every 6 months starting from last July. They reached 200,000 people in 30 districts, those most affected by dengue, however, there was little interest among people to get vaccinated and authorities had to go house to house to get people to do so in some instances. The vaccine really only reached middle and upper class people making the dose that much more expensive per person. There needs to be more agreement on pricing and more public education campaign support, so its effectiveness is not yet proven

May 23, 2017
La Nacion

WHO fear over fall in HPV take up

The World Health Organization joined a chorus of concern at the steep decline in uptake rates in Ireland for the HPV vaccine, which helps protect against cervical cancer. The uptake target is 87% which it reached in 2014/15, however, recent estimates put the uptake rate at about 50%. Health Protection Scotland says its most recent research shows a 90% decrease in HPV infections in Scotland because it has consistently achieved HPV vaccine uptake of more than 85% since the vaccine was introduced in 2008

May 20, 2017
Irish Examiner

Italy passes law obliging parents to vaccinate children

Italy’s government declared a new law making a series of childhood vaccinations a condition of school inscription in a move triggered by a spike in measles. Vaccinations covering 12 common diseases will be required to register children for state childcare and elementary school up to the age of six. At that point when school attendance becomes compulsory in Italy parents will be liable for fines if their children are not vaccinated

May 19, 2017
May 20, 2017
Borneo Post, Radio New Zealand, BBC, MPR News

Officials: Measles outbreak caused by anti-vaccination campaign

There has been a recent measles outbreak in Minnesota and now the authorities know the reason behind it. A group of Somali-Americas, mostly children, have been diagnosed with the disease. The Minnesota Department of Health released a report that said the vast majority, 55 out of 58 cases, were unvaccinated

May 16, 2017

Many toddlers are falling through SA's vaccination net

One in 10 of Mpumalanga’s children under the age of two has not had any of the shots required under a government childhood immunization programme, according to the DHMS 2016 survey. The findings signal potential deadly weaknesses in the childhood immunization programme, as inadequate coverage of the population increases the likelihood of disease outbreaks. Both Gauteng and Western Cape have seen measles outbreaks this year

May 15, 2017
Business Daily

West Africa Ebola vaccine trial aims to strengthen local health systems

Health experts say they are confident that West African countries whose health systems were crippled by the 2014 Ebola crisis are able to conduct meaningful research in the phase two critical trial of Ebola vaccine candidates, now underway. The trials in Guinea, Liberia and later Sierra Leone, are testing three vaccination strategies and two vaccines to identify which holds the most promise

May 12, 2017

Italy measles cases up amid anti-vax mood

Italy recorded 1,920 cases of the deadly measles virus in the first four months of the year, a 523% increase from the same period a year earlier. The news came as the Five Star Movement defended itself from accusations of actively campaigning on an anti-vaccination platform. Some 88% of the people who contracted measles were unvaccinated, and 73% were aged 15 or above, the ministry of health said. Leading M5S officials have publicised fraudulent studies suggesting that vaccines can be harmful and may cause autism and have campaigned against compulsory vaccination

May 4, 2017
Sky News

Vaccination gaps lead to dangerous measles outbreaks in Europe: ECDC

Gaps in vaccination coverage against measles have led to several outbreaks of the contagious disease in Europe, during the past year, with more than 1,500 measles cases reported from 14 European countries due to an ‘accumulation of unvaccinated individuals’ according to officials from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). In 10 countries, Austria, Belgium, Croatia, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Romania, Spain and Sweden – the number of cases reported in Jan-Feb 2017 was more than double that of a year earlier 

April 24, 2017
Reuters, Reuters

Malaria sickening thousands in US and racking up millions in healthcare costs, new study finds

A new study shows that cases of malaria, with infections often caught overseas before returning to the U.S., has resulted in about half a billion dollars in healthcare costs for the country over a fifteen year period. It concludes that Americans who are travelling more often to countries with malaria are simply not taking the precautions that they should leading to this cost burden

April 24, 2017
EurekaAlert, NPR, ABC news

Amid vaccine debate, Italy faces return of eradicable diseases

Italy has become a battleground for vaccines, with tensions increasing in March following a measles outbreak. The country has seen more than 1,000 cases in the first three months of the year, a 450% increase year-on-year. Although vaccination for polio, diphtheria, tetanus and hepatitis B is compulsory to attend school, a member of parliament for the ruling Democratic Party is introducing a bill in May to make vaccinations compulsory for more diseases. The populist Five Star Movement opposes the plans arguing parents should have the freedom to choose and they’d revoke any laws. Experts say the measles crisis is growing because of vaccine hesitancy and false claims from discredited studies about the risks

April 19, 2017
Financial Times

WHO Approves World's First-Ever Dengue Vaccine

Known as the Dengvaxia, several countries have already licensed it: for example, Mexico, Brazil, El Salvador and the Philippines, but last weeks’ WHO approval is likely to spur a host of other developing nations to follow suit at a time when climate change and urbanization are putting increasing numbers of people at risk from mosquito-borne diseases

April 15, 2017

Scientists close in on vaccine for Chagas disease

A team of scientists has taken a step close to developing a vaccine for the potentially life-threatening Chagas disease, transmitted by so-called kissing bugs which has infected millions in Latin America. A molecule engineered to contain three antigens has been shown to reduce the number of Trypanosoma cruzi parasites that cause Chagas, as well as the amount of tissue damage they inflict

April 13, 2017
Reuters, Enca

Alarming measles outbreak in Italy blamed on anti-vaccination populist movement

An alarming rise in measles cases in Italy has been blamed on an anti-vaccination movement in the country supported by the populist Five Star Movement (M5S) party. In the first three months of 2017, more than a thousand cases have been recorded exceeding the total number of cases for the whole of 2016.The outbreak is primarily concentrated in the wealthier regions of northern and central Italy. The regional differences are due to the country’s decentralised public health system which permits regional authorities to legislate how they see fit for health issues

April 1, 2017
International Business Times